Questions tagged [spacesuits]

Questions regarding the spacesuits that astronauts wear whilst in space

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95 views

Atmosphere inside a space capsule and need for spacesuits

Was the internal atmosphere of Mercury capsule and CSMs of Apollo missions filled with pure oxygen at low pressure, and was the ambiance controlled to match closely to that on earth (e.g. humidity, ...
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Is there an easy way to distinguish pictures of the LES and ACES suits?

The Launch Entry Suit and Advanced Crew Escape Suit were the intravehicular suits used on most Space Shuttle missions. ACES was an improved version of the LES, and both earned the nickname "...
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Do astronauts wear G-Suits during the launch?

Nowadays, rocket launches (to the ISS) accelerate astronauts at a maximum of around 3 to 4g (source). I have seen quite a few ...
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Are Mechanical Counterpressure Suits like the BioSuit skin compatible when worn for hours?

Mechanical counterpressure (MCP) suits replace the pressure of the gas in the suit by mechanical pressure. Sweat on the skin may evaporate into the vacuum around the suit. But what about skin ...
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Novel EVA spacesuit designs

I'm looking for a collection of novel EVA suit designs, which are serious (are more than a mere art station create) There is of course the BioSuit: 1, 2.
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Does the SpaceX spacesuit address any of the criticisms of ACES raised by Columbia Crew Survival Investigation Report?

A brief history of what Shuttle crews wore for ascent and entry, from the Columbia Crew Survival Investigation Report: The shuttle was originally designed to be operated in a shirtsleeve (bare-hands) ...
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Did an astronaut on the Moon ever fall on his back?

I am curious to know if an astronaut on the Moon ever fell backwards and landed on his back. I have seen many photographs and videos of astronauts who accidentally tripped or lost their balance and ...
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Did some Shuttle flights really have no spacesuits aboard? [duplicate]

According to this source, pages 378-382 and 406, there were no launch suits for Shuttle missions STS-5 through STS-33. Instead, crew literally wore shirtsleeves during launch and re-entry, plus anti-...
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Russian Chibis suit

The Russian Chibis suit is operational since 1971 and is used aboard the ISS, are there recent developments in this technology? How effective has it been found in counteracting the tendency of fluids ...
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Experience of breathing regular air vs. Nitrox vs pure oxygen at 4.3 psi?

Has any astronaut/cosmonaut described a difference in the feeling of breathing pure oxygen at 4.3 psi in a spacesuit compared breathing regular air at sea level or even to Nitrox used in the Neutral ...
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How are astronaut nametags printed when their family name is first?

It is traditional in English and Russian to print a person's given name before their family name. However, there are some languages where that order is reversed. When flying on an American or Russian ...
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What mission is this Chris Hadfield photo associated with and what is the location? And what is that thing?

Many, many astronauts have gone on to be wonderful orators, educators, advocates for science, education and positive thinking, Major Tom Colonel (ret) and (fmr) ISS Commander Chris Hadfield is just ...
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Who transliterates non-Russian names into Russian for space-suit name tags?

Many, many astronauts have gone on to be wonderful orators, educators, advocates for science, education and positive thinking, Major Tom Colonel (ret) and (fmr) ISS Commander Chris Hadfield is just ...
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Did the Space Shuttle crew have to worry about monatomic oxygen?

Comments below this answer tell us that the Space Shuttle always remained in Earth's atmosphere. When it visited the Hubble Space Telescope or the ISS or Mir it was still in the thermosphere and ...
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Do the Shuttle/ISS EMU suits have model numbers?

Early NASA spacesuits were given model numbers, as described in slide 3 of this NASA Powerpoint. The model numbers were assigned in the format P-#M, where the ...
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Are any parts of Sokol suits re-used?

The Sokol spacesuit is the Russian launch and re-entry suit. They appear to be custom-made for each cosmonaut, with mission patches and nametags sewn on to the suit. Even if the suit as a whole is ...
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Can space suit gloves hear, feel, or otherwise sense information through augmentation? Will they?

@mdouglasbibbey's answer describes a situation where it was impossible to "hear" = feel important information while working on Hubble during an EVA, including haptic feedback when a quick ...
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Do space suit designers exist?

I was just having a closer look at the new space-suits by SpaceX, that were worn by NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley (image below this question). The design made me wonder about who may ...
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How does it feel to breathe 100% oxygen at low pressure?

Some space suits are designed to provide an atmosphere of 100% oxygen but at a reduced air pressure about 20% that of sea level. Is breathing in such a suit uncomfortable? It seems like having such a ...
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On which celestial bodies could you use the Apollo moon suits too?

If you wore the Apollo lunar suit on celestial bodies other than the Moon, on which bodies would you survive (until oxygen run out)? You obviously couldn't wear them on any (recognized) planet because ...
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Specifications on ISS EVA suit cameras

The suits that astronauts use to preform EVA's on the ISS have some sort of "TV camera" with which they stream analog video back to the ISS and then back to Earth so that we can see it on ...
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Why did the Apollo lunar suits have two visors?

Why did the A7L and A7LB moonsuits have two visors? The astronaut initially had both visors down on his helmet and later during the lunar EVA put the outermost visor up (a yellowish one) and could ...
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A Parmitano ‘maneuver’

Referring to the 2013 incident when Italian astronaut Luca Parmitano suffered a leak in his EVA suit causing water to build up dangerously around his face. By the time he was approaching the airlock, ...
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Plans for HUD in next-generation spacesuits

A HUD (Head Up Display) allows a computer to display information directly into a user's line of sight and thus allows them to interface with that computer without needing to look at a tablet or ...
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Could a spacesuit similar to the suit of Felix Baumgartner be used on the Moon and Mars?

Felix Baumgartner, who jumped from the upper stratosphere in the Red Bull Stratos project, wore a pressurized suit in which he could obviously do better than Apollo's astronauts in their A7L and A7LB ...
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Can the Valsalva maneuver or nose-scratching be done inside a SpaceX suit helmet?

Sometimes you gotta scratch your nose. Or you need to perform the Valsalva maneuver (close your nose and mouth, then blow hard) to help make your ears "pop". If you can flip your helmet ...
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How many current or near-future pressure suits are there for use in space in total?

There are some pressure suits primarily for use inside spacecraft and some for use during EVAs. Currently how many pressure suits are used or will be used in the near future; let's say from 5 year ...
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Can an astronaut have a private communication during a spacewalk?

In this NASA page it describes an astronaut remaining in contact during an EVA. While inside these pressurized suits, it's essential that they (the astronauts) remain in constant communication ...
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Why do the SpaceX suits require “drying” during the mission?

In the period when the Crew Dragon Demo-2 mission was initially docking with the ISS, before the hatches were open, one of the tasks was to "dry the suits". They reported on the status later, ...
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Are SpaceX new space suits inferior to existing ones in terms of usability?

There is an article in Russian "Why do the American space suits look so different from Russian ones?" which claims that the new SpaceX suits are designed for looks, and have several issues, which, ...
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What sounds do astronauts hear inside their helmets during an EVA?

Besides the communications over the headsets, do astronauts hear any other sounds inside their helmets? Do they hear their own breath? Are there any mechanical sounds audible? Does the circulating ...
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Do launch suits have markings that can distinguish between crew members?

We've had two questions about the red stripes on extravehicular suits, used to distinguish between the suited astronauts. Usually the more experienced or higher-ranking astronaut wears the stripes. ...
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How does an ACES suit seal at the feet?

The Advanced Crew Escape Suit -- also known as the ACES suit or "pumpkin suit" -- was worn by all Shuttle astronauts (since 1998) during launch and landing. The helmet and gloves were connected to ...
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Do any spacesuit designs (including prototypes, conceptual, etc) use radiators rather than open-loop cooling?

Answers to: How have space suits dissipated the heat removed from astronauts? explain how USA suits currently use open-loop cooling and do not answer this question! Typically, space suits must ...
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Did the LiOH cartridges for the Space Shuttle cabin and spacesuit share the same shape?

In this answer, I explain how there were two contractors that made the environmental control systems and their lithium hydroxide cartridges during the Apollo program. Garrett AiResearch made the ECS ...
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619 views

What are beta cloth and beta marquisette, materials used in Apollo-era space suits?

The NASA PDF Space Suit which contains CSM21 Spacesuits pp 223-228 in the url name mentions beta cloth and beta marquisette several times. Question: What are they ...
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Would potential astronauts on Titan be in danger of being blown away?

Titan (the largest moon of Saturn) has a thicker and denser atmosphere than the Earth and a surface gravity of less than 1/7 that of the Earth. So potential visitors would be very light and what would ...
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How many spacesuits were specifically manufactured for John Young?

John W. Young was a legendary astronaut: The first American in space after the original Mercury Seven, as Gus Grissom's co-pilot in Gemini 3. He got in trouble during this flight for smuggling ...
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Did they manufacture six space suits for Apollo astronaut James A. Lovell?

An Apollo astronaut got three space suits, one for training on Earth, one for flight and one as backup. James A. Lovell did fly on Apollo 8 as Command Module pilot and on Apollo 13 as Mission ...
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Why did the hose connectors on Apollo spacesuits come in pairs?

Apollo lunar spacesuits had four hose connectors for air: The EV PGA, however, is provided with two sets: two [blue] inlet connectors interconnected by a plenum chamber and two [red] outlet ...
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Why aren't the hose connectors on Sokol suits color-coded?

The Sokol suit used for launch and reentry appears to have three hose ports, which all appear to be an anodized blue color. Why aren't the hose connectors color coded? In contrast, the Apollo suits ...
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What spacesuits did the Apollo astronauts wear on Earth in their training for the Moon?

Even on the Moon the Apollo spacesuits were so heavy and bulky that the Apollo astronauts couldn't move quite well in them, except in the Apollo 15-17 missions where they were improved. However on ...
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Nose-scratching Velcro in spacesuits: hook side or loop side?

This answer states One of the more innovative uses of Velcro included putting a patch into EVA suits to assist in scratching the astronaut's nose. Considering that Velcro has two different ...
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In layman's terms, how hot will the skin of a spacecraft become, 144 million miles from the Sun?

Ok, last week I asked how hot would a piece of metal become at a distance from Earth to Mars facing the Sun. Thank you for all the nice replies, but I do not have much math knowledge. So let me ...
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Can astronauts in currently planned pressure suits survive a cabin which cannot be repressurized?

Imagine the Crew Dragon (or Stariner or Orion) has just achieved orbit. Due to a manufacturing flaw or a meteor, the window suddenly blows out. All 6 of the crew manages to get their suit visor's ...
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IVA space Suit leakage

What is the allowed suit leakage for Sokol suit at 40kPa/5.8 psi. What is the allowed leak rate in IVA shuttle suits at 24 kPa/3.5 psi. What is the allowed leak rate from IVA suit helmet
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How much of a drag is it, orbiting the Earth in a space suit?

An astronaut in a spacesuit travels around the Earth at the same altitude as the ISS. Let's say the astronaut leads the ISS by 1000 meters along the same orbit. After one orbit, how much velocity has ...
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How will space suit computers likely be radiation hardened?

Writing this comment inspired the following question: Space suits are critical to life, so if there's a solar storm and the astronaut has received a less-than-lethal dose of radiation, they'll be ...
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Are there other “glow in the dark” Luminex wire and light-emitting patch designs for the Z-2 or any other space suit?

The prototype Z-2 space suit has different light-emitting patches to make it easier to identify specific crew members during a spacewalk. NASA has released these three designs. image source image ...
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Why did NASA want the Z-2 prototype spacesuit need to mimic the appearance of sportswear?

NASA has been considering a new type of space suit, the Z2 Spacesuit, "in order to protect NASA astronauts embarking on a new class of mission, NASA has to build a new class of space suit. Far off ...