Questions tagged [spacesuits]

Questions regarding the spacesuits that astronauts wear whilst in space

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11
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1answer
439 views

Why do EVA suits have legs?

Why do EVA suits have legs? Planetary exploration suits (PES) obviously need legs. Spacesuits with legs are “a classic icon of human space exploration” and a requirement for mobility. https://www....
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2answers
153 views

Non-biological end effectors (hands) in spacesuit design

Designing the 'end effectors' or gloves of a spacesuit is notoriously difficult. Hands have are extremely flexible and are the primary interface that humans use to interact physically with the world. ...
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Pressurized gloves have significant limitations. What are objective advantages/disadvantages of the alternatives? [closed]

Conventional EVA suits suffer from mobility and tactile sensory limitations due to their pressurization. Any articulated container which changes volume with motion will resist motion if pressurized. ...
11
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2answers
580 views

How are Rotating Joints in a Spacesuit Gas-tight?

In Spacesuits, especially in newer ones like the Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU), there are a large number of rotating joints at different portions like wrists, arms, torso, etc. ...
23
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2answers
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Why aren't spacecraft and spacesuits pressurised to 2.5 psi (17 kPa) of pure oxygen?

Today 1 atm (101.3 kPa, 14.7 psi) with sea level composition is most commonly used on spacecraft to avoid fire hazards like in Apollo 1 (not that it would have helped the Apollo 1 crew as they couldn'...
29
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1answer
3k views

What are the Advantages of having a Double-pane Space Helmet?

In the following image of Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU) or Artemis Generation Space Suit, it can be seen the helmet contains double-pane of glass (inside the black rectangle) What ...
4
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2answers
137 views

How long can astronauts wearing Dragon capsule suits walk around unconnected to water coolers?

At various moments in the NASA video NASA’s SpaceX Crew-3 Astronauts Launch to the Space Station astronauts are shown standing or walking or otherwise posing for the camera in their Dragon capsule ...
14
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1answer
586 views

How does it feel to breathe 100% oxygen at low pressure?

Some space suits are designed to provide an atmosphere of 100% oxygen but at a reduced air pressure about 20% that of sea level. Is breathing in such a suit uncomfortable? It seems like having such a ...
4
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1answer
109 views

Experience of breathing regular air vs. Nitrox vs pure oxygen at 4.3 psi?

Has any astronaut/cosmonaut described a difference in the feeling of breathing pure oxygen at 4.3 psi in a spacesuit compared breathing regular air at sea level or even to Nitrox used in the Neutral ...
3
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2answers
301 views

Did an astronaut on the Moon ever fall on his back?

I am curious to know if an astronaut on the Moon ever fell backwards and landed on his back. I have seen many photographs and videos of astronauts who accidentally tripped or lost their balance and ...
7
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2answers
694 views

Could you "hose wash" a space suit on the Moon or Mars?

There are some concerns about Lunar dust attaching to the space suits during the Apollo missions. So Suitports are being developed. On Earth, cars get pretty dirty too, but a car wash solves that. ...
42
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1answer
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What is the text on Neil Armstrong's space suit's left glove?

I was looking at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum's collection, and Neil Armstrong's Apollo 11 spacesuit has some text written on the left glove. It looks like some sort of instructions, ...
3
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1answer
75 views

What was the first Soviet/Russian spacesuit to use closed-loop ventilation?

The spacesuit used for the first spacewalk used open-loop ventilation, venting exhaust gases into space: On reaching orbit in Voskhod 2, Leonov and Belyayev attached the EVA backpack to Leonov's ...
13
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1answer
2k views

What spacesuit helmet is this?

There's a classic series of black-and-white photos from the mid-80s showing early shuttle astronaut Anna Fisher in a helmet; one was reportedly on the cover of Life magazine. Image source: reddit, ...
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4answers
305 views

How far are space-walking helmet faceplates from the eyes? How far will I have to hold my "space binoculars" from my eyes during a space walk?

I'm on a space walk and comet Kohoutek is passing by and I've brought my specially designed space binoculars with me to look at it. I left my Nikon Monarch 8x42 binoculars inside because with an eye ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Are SpaceX new space suits inferior to existing ones in terms of usability?

There is an article in Russian "Why do the American space suits look so different from Russian ones?" which claims that the new SpaceX suits are designed for looks, and have several issues, which, ...
7
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1answer
171 views

Do any spacesuit designs (including prototypes, conceptual, etc) use radiators rather than open-loop cooling?

Answers to: How have space suits dissipated the heat removed from astronauts? explain how USA suits currently use open-loop cooling and do not answer this question! Typically, space suits must ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Atmosphere inside a space capsule and need for spacesuits

Was the internal atmosphere of Mercury capsule and CSMs of Apollo missions filled with pure oxygen at low pressure, and was the ambiance controlled to match closely to that on earth (e.g. humidity, ...
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0answers
77 views

What are Virgin Galactic Space Suits for? What do they do? What don't they do?

In the CNN video linked below the reporter mentions to Unity 22's Astronaut 004 Sirisha Bandla: When people think of Virgin Galactic, they’re thinking of giving people new astronaut wings like the ...
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6answers
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Will suits worn on Mars lose kilograms of "expendable water" each time they are used?

In this excellent answer to How have space suits dissipated the heat removed from astronauts? I learned that space suits from the Apollo missions and even when used in space walks from the ISS today ...
24
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4answers
3k views

In simple terms, how does the way space suits manage breathable gas differ from how scuba gear does it?

I say "breathable gas" because what's in the tank can be a variety of mixtures and I don't know a single word for gas mixture you can safely breathe. less scientific or clinical sounding ...
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2answers
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Would've the CO2 scrubbers failed before the O2 supply ran out during an Apollo moonwalk?

This absurd video on Reddit of the Earth blowing up while Apollo astronauts were walking on the Moon got me thinking. Assuming something catastrophic happened to the Lunar Module the moment the two ...
16
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2answers
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How did astronauts tie the laces on their gloves?

I've been looking through images from the Smithsonian regarding early space exploration. In particular, I found this picture of a spacesuit glove, that has laces on it. In the picture's description, ...
17
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1answer
3k views

Where exactly are the Apollo space suit sublimators venting steam into space? is there a photo of an astronaut in space that shows the opening?

This excellent answer to How have space suits dissipated the heat removed from astronauts? shows a diagram including the sublimator unit in the red square where the phase transition of water from ...
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1answer
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How have space suits dissipated the heat removed from astronauts?

I never thought about this until reading the comments below this answer. To radiate something like 150W (a very conservative lower limit of human + suit systems heat production - see @Uwe 's comment ...
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1answer
3k views

How was the "female" SK-2 different from the "male" SK-1 spacesuit?

The SK-1 was the spacesuit worn on the Vostok 1-5 flights. The same article describes the SK-2 suit as "[a]lmost exactly the same as the SK-1 but designed for a woman". It was worn by ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Who put their spacesuit boots on the wrong feet?

Was just reading Mike Massimino's memoir Spaceman and came across this fascinating line: Another time a spacewalker - and this is a true story - accidentally put his right boot on his left foot ...
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1answer
402 views

What are the quickdraws for around the torsos of the crew-1 crew?

From a NASA tweet we can see the crew exiting, with a pair of quickdraws around their chest: Oddly, everyone seems to get a different model: What are these used for?
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8answers
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Would a duct tape spacesuit be practical?

Spoilers ahead for season 2 of For All Mankind. Essentially duct tape wrapped around the body, over clothing which looks like standard NASA jumpsuits for pressurized environments onboard spacecraft. ...
32
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3answers
8k views

Why do astronauts wear spacesuits during launch?

I have noticed that astronauts in every launch I've found wear a spacesuit during launch, like this example from the shuttle. I don't understand this. What kind of problem could cause loss of cabin ...
2
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2answers
237 views

What mission is this Chris Hadfield photo associated with and what is the location? And what is that thing?

Many, many astronauts have gone on to be wonderful orators, educators, advocates for science, education and positive thinking, Major Tom Colonel (ret) and (fmr) ISS Commander Chris Hadfield is just ...
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1answer
112 views

Sealing of hatches of Spacecraft capsule, LM and spacesuits

Was there any "plan B" / solution, in case sealing of capsule hatch, LM hatch and spacesuit helmet failed during Apollo missions or any other spacecraft? How did NASA ensure a failproof ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Was the SK-1 spacesuit tested in flight prior to Gagarin's historic mission?

April 12 is the 60th anniversary of the first human spaceflight, Vostok 1. As no human had previously been to space, it was also a test of the SK-1 spacesuit that cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin wore. This ...
5
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1answer
350 views

What is the use of a helium tank in this very early space suit design?

The answer to this question included this image from a book by Wernher von Braun he wrote in 1960. This space suit design misses a micro meteroite protection as well as liquid cooling to remove ...
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2answers
1k views

Was there ever a suitcase-sized spacesuit?

Were there any spacesuit designs small enough to fit inside a suitcase? Such a suit might be useful in emergencies or as a backup suit. Prototypes are fine. Okay to exclude the helmet if it is too ...
19
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1answer
2k views

Astronauts make a lot of CH₄ and some H₂ as well; do space capsules and space stations have systems to remove these?

While not as much as ruminants, humans emit methane, CH4, natural gas, etc. regularly. While it is less known, we can also emit hydrogen as H2. What are the sources of molecular hydrogen in human ...
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0answers
51 views

How many space suit types could be used at the ISS when Starliner, Crew Dragon and Soyuz are all active?

I just watched the CBS news video SpaceX and Boeing competing to capture the American flag in space about the "race to bring the flag home". It got me wondering about the variety of suits. I lose ...
13
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2answers
543 views

Why don't astronaut helmets fog up? What's the chemistry and thermodynamics behind keeping the field of view clear even during heavy breathing?

Some space walking involves exercise (e.g. moving heavy stuff around) and the outside surface of a faceplate is constantly radiating its heat out into space. At night that thermal radiation is not ...
3
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1answer
194 views

How will the future Mars Space Suit Helmet design protect Astronauts from Martian Radiation?

Mars Space Suit Helmet Visor's were mostly made up of polycarbonate [1], the same material used for EMU's visor for performing EVA in earth orbit. Meanwhile, Mars' radiation is 2.5x higher. How are we ...
15
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1answer
4k views

What was the space helmet "vomit port"?

Based upon centrifuge test results, MSC directed Hamilton Standard to modify the space suit helmet. The vomitus port and other obstructions to the line of sight in the downward direction were deleted....
4
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1answer
129 views

Is there an easy way to distinguish pictures of the LES and ACES suits?

The Launch Entry Suit and Advanced Crew Escape Suit were the intravehicular suits used on most Space Shuttle missions. ACES was an improved version of the LES, and both earned the nickname "...
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2answers
2k views

Do astronauts wear G-Suits during the launch?

Nowadays, rocket launches (to the ISS) accelerate astronauts at a maximum of around 3 to 4g (source). I have seen quite a few ...
9
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1answer
175 views

Are Mechanical Counterpressure Suits like the BioSuit skin compatible when worn for hours?

Mechanical counterpressure (MCP) suits replace the pressure of the gas in the suit by mechanical pressure. Sweat on the skin may evaporate into the vacuum around the suit. But what about skin ...
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1answer
121 views

Novel EVA spacesuit designs

I'm looking for a collection of novel EVA suit designs, which are serious (are more than a mere art station create) There is of course the BioSuit: 1, 2.
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0answers
235 views

Does the SpaceX spacesuit address any of the criticisms of ACES raised by Columbia Crew Survival Investigation Report?

A brief history of what Shuttle crews wore for ascent and entry, from the Columbia Crew Survival Investigation Report: The shuttle was originally designed to be operated in a shirtsleeve (bare-hands) ...
7
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1answer
290 views

How many spacesuits were specifically manufactured for John Young?

John W. Young was a legendary astronaut: The first American in space after the original Mercury Seven, as Gus Grissom's co-pilot in Gemini 3. He got in trouble during this flight for smuggling ...
3
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0answers
74 views

Did some Shuttle flights really have no spacesuits aboard? [duplicate]

According to this source, pages 378-382 and 406, there were no launch suits for Shuttle missions STS-5 through STS-33. Instead, crew literally wore shirtsleeves during launch and re-entry, plus anti-...
6
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1answer
125 views

Russian Chibis suit

The Russian Chibis suit is operational since 1971 and is used aboard the ISS, are there recent developments in this technology? How effective has it been found in counteracting the tendency of fluids ...
5
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1answer
390 views

Who transliterates non-Russian names into Russian for space-suit name tags?

Many, many astronauts have gone on to be wonderful orators, educators, advocates for science, education and positive thinking, Major Tom Colonel (ret) and (fmr) ISS Commander Chris Hadfield is just ...
6
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2answers
2k views

How are astronaut nametags printed when their family name is first?

It is traditional in English and Russian to print a person's given name before their family name. However, there are some languages where that order is reversed. When flying on an American or Russian ...

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