Questions tagged [spacesuits]

Questions regarding the spacesuits that astronauts wear whilst in space

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In layman's terms, how hot will the skin of a spacecraft become, 144 million miles from the Sun?

Ok, last week I asked how hot would a piece of metal become at a distance from Earth to Mars facing the Sun. Thank you for all the nice replies, but I do not have much math knowledge. So let me ...
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Can PLSS in atmosphere use enriched oxygen?

Does Mars space suit have to be pressurized? makes it pretty clear the atmospheric pressure on Mars is a miniscule fraction of Earth's own. In it's turn Wikipedia writes to say that the atmosphere ...
Everyone's user avatar
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What are the technical differences between AxEMU and xEMU?

On March 15, 2023, Axiom Space sort-of unveiled their lunar spacesuit, based on the NASA xEMU. I say sort-of because apparently, though the Axiom suit is selected for Artemis III, missions following ...
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On which celestial bodies could you use the Apollo moon suits too?

If you wore the Apollo lunar suit on celestial bodies other than the Moon, on which bodies would you survive (until oxygen run out)? You obviously couldn't wear them on any (recognized) planet because ...
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Why did the Apollo lunar suits have two visors?

Why did the A7L and A7LB moonsuits have two visors? The astronaut initially had both visors down on his helmet and later during the lunar EVA put the outermost visor up (a yellowish one) and could ...
LoveForChrist's user avatar
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Did an astronaut on the Moon ever fall on his back?

I am curious to know if an astronaut on the Moon ever fell backwards and landed on his back. I have seen many photographs and videos of astronauts who accidentally tripped or lost their balance and ...
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Does an astronaut sweat in a space suit?

How effective is the thermal control system and the liquid cooling garment of a space suit? Does it prevent sweating only for a small to medium workload? If an astronaut is sweating behind his ears ...
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What was the first Soviet/Russian spacesuit to use closed-loop ventilation?

The spacesuit used for the first spacewalk used open-loop ventilation, venting exhaust gases into space: On reaching orbit in Voskhod 2, Leonov and Belyayev attached the EVA backpack to Leonov's ...
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Short documentary about spacesuit seamstresses

I'm trying to find a short documentary video about people who sew together NASA spacesuits. I saw it quite some time ago -- at least 20 years, maybe longer. Quite possibly on PBS, maybe the Spokane ...
Roger's user avatar
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How often did Apollo astronauts wear red helmets?

Images of NAsA astronaut David R. Scott performing a spacewalk during Apollo 9 show a red helmet. When did NASA's use of red-colored helmets begin, and when did it end, and was there a special name ...
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How will the future Mars Space Suit Helmet design protect Astronauts from Martian Radiation?

Mars Space Suit Helmet Visor's were mostly made up of polycarbonate [1], the same material used for EMU's visor for performing EVA in earth orbit. Meanwhile, Mars' radiation is 2.5x higher. How are we ...
FutureMartian's user avatar
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Apollo suit atmosphere before launch?

What was the pressure and oxygen concentration used in Apollo space suits on Earth before launch and after closing the suit with helmet and gloves during the transfer of the astronauts to the launch ...
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How to get water inside a space suit?

How is water transferred from outside the suit to inside the suit?
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Have astronauts gotten sick on EVA?

In lots of science fiction, people have EVA suits which automatically preform First Aid or administer temporary medical help (such as painkiller injections) so that they can get themselves to a safe, ...
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Are any parts of Sokol suits re-used?

The Sokol spacesuit is the Russian launch and re-entry suit. They appear to be custom-made for each cosmonaut, with mission patches and nametags sewn on to the suit. Even if the suit as a whole is ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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Are there other "glow in the dark" Luminex wire and light-emitting patch designs for the Z-2 or any other space suit?

The prototype Z-2 space suit has different light-emitting patches to make it easier to identify specific crew members during a spacewalk. NASA has released these three designs. image source image ...
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Spacesuit needed for 1 psi 100% methane atmosphere - 60 Fahrenheit?

What sort of spacesuit would an astronaut need if she were to walk on a planet with a 1 psi (0.07 ATM) 100% methane atmosphere and -60°F (-50°C) temperatures?
Isabella Barbiero's user avatar
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Could the Orlan-MK use an umbilical if need be?

According to the Wikipedia article on the Orlan space suit, all models of the suit after and including the Orlan-DM were designed to be self-sustaining: The first Orlan suits were attached to the ...
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What would it feel like for an astronaut if his/her spacesuit ran out of air?

I’m curious what it would feel like if an astronaut’s spacesuit ran out of air while they were on mars, vs taking the suit off? inspired this question
Erin Bensen's user avatar
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Could a pressure suit be used for a short emergency EVA?

What if a docking accident leaves the spacecraft depressurized and unable to re-pressurize. The hatch may be jammed/ punctured or a window blown. In such a scenario, the astronauts would have their ...
Johnny Robinson's user avatar
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Buddy Secondary Life Support System (BSLSS) on American suits

Is the Buddy Secondary Life Support System (BSLSS) available in today's American-made spacesuits used on the International Space Station? The BSLSS enables one astronaut to provide life support (...
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What would be the longest hypothetical emergency which would confine the Apollo astronauts to their suits?

This answer poses the possibility of an emergency that would require Apollo astronauts to spend the rest of the mission in their suits: A hole in the CSM might be more of an issue, since large ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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If an ISS emergency requires pressure suits temporarily, can they still use the laptops? Move the cursor?

This answer to the question Which specifications should a tablet computer have in order to work in outer space? points out that capacitive-sensitive touch pads, mouse pads and touch-sensitive screens ...
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What do I use to make a Neck Ring?

I’ve been working on a homemade space suit, and I’ve been trying to figure out on what to use to make a neck ring. But so far I can’t really find anything, Does anyone know what I could use for the ...
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Why the Snoopy Cap rather than a conventional headset?

Why do American astronauts wear the "snoopy cap" elastic hood with communications headset rather than a more conventional style of headset that doesn't have a hood? Does the cap provide ...
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Did some Shuttle flights really have no spacesuits aboard? [duplicate]

According to this source, pages 378-382 and 406, there were no launch suits for Shuttle missions STS-5 through STS-33. Instead, crew literally wore shirtsleeves during launch and re-entry, plus anti-...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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Why was the Communications Carrier Assembly black and white?

I understand the CCA, the headset for NASA astronauts, was made up of lycra and teflon fabrics. Is there a reason, relevant to space flight, that the two materials were different colors?
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Noise inside an ACES/pumpkin suit helmet?

As I understand it there was plenty of noise inside a NASA EVA suit helmet from fans circulating the air. Was the Advanced Crew Escape Suit helmet for launch and reentry similarly noisy?
Bob516's user avatar
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What is currently known as the thinnest combination of material to hold 1 atm in space?

What is currently known as the thinnest combination of material to hold 1 atm in space? Note: must define what the composing materials are.
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Combined Mechanical Counterpressure and Gas-Pressurized suits

The "Mechanical Counterpressure" (or SAS) space suit is the holy grail when it comes to mobility, flexibility, and being lightweight however it also has it's share of problems. It's very difficult to ...
Dragongeek's user avatar
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Are alternatives to spacesuits, like one person pods, being developed? [duplicate]

I'm thinking that for extended zero gee extravehicular activities (say space construction) a single person pod (if that's the right word) would be more all round useful than a space suit. Faceplate ...
Ken Fabian's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
474 views

Lead lined Martian suit

Despite having to transport a significant amount of mass to Mars, would lead lined environment suits be viable, to provide cosmic radiation shielding for Martian colonists? Would carrying that extra ...
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Could astronauts wear EVA suits in the Soyuz?

There's a problem with maintaining the EVA suits on the space station. Since the Shuttle was canceled, only recently has Dragon made it possible to bring the suits down to ground for refurbishment, ...
LocalFluff's user avatar
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What mission is this Chris Hadfield photo associated with and what is the location? And what is that thing?

Many, many astronauts have gone on to be wonderful orators, educators, advocates for science, education and positive thinking, Major Tom Colonel (ret) and (fmr) ISS Commander Chris Hadfield is just ...
uhoh's user avatar
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What is the blue box that the Exp. 53 Astronuats/Cosmonauts carried with them?

Looking at a video from Roscosmos on instagram, Exp. 52 Cosmonaut Sergey Ryazansky carried a blue box with him during his walk to the Soyuz rocket. Upon looking at more videos of Astronauts boarding ...
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4 answers
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How far are space-walking helmet faceplates from the eyes? How far will I have to hold my "space binoculars" from my eyes during a space walk?

I'm on a space walk and comet Kohoutek is passing by and I've brought my specially designed space binoculars with me to look at it. I left my Nikon Monarch 8x42 binoculars inside because with an eye ...
uhoh's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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What policies and capabilities are in place to induce hypothermia for the purpose of reducing hypoxic brain damage in EVA depressurization?

Depressurization incidents during EVA will have hypoxia as the ultimate cause of death or permanent brain damage. If an astronaut’s brain is deprived of oxygen, irreparable damage occurs after about 4 ...
Woody's user avatar
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What joints of Apollo 17 space suits did moon dust get into, making the astronauts arms difficult to move?

At about 02:45 the Curious Droid video Apollo, the Lunar Dust and NASA's Dirty Problem says: During Apollo 17, crew members Harrison “Jack” Schmitt and Gene ...
uhoh's user avatar
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Is it possible to build hard shell suit with tighter fit to the body

The only hard shell space suit I know of, NASA''s AX-5, was big, bulbous, and seems to be not very comfortable, although offering zero pre breathing, when entering the suit. What I am thinking, is if ...
Mranderson 's user avatar
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1 answer
356 views

Why aren't the hose connectors on Sokol suits color-coded?

The Sokol suit used for launch and reentry appears to have three hose ports, which all appear to be an anodized blue color. Why aren't the hose connectors color coded? In contrast, the Apollo suits ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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What is this red spacesuit made out of, and why is it red?

The BBC News website often uses this file photo on spaceflight-related pages such as this one. Is it possible to identify the following? the astronaut the spacecraft the spacesuit the external red ...
uhoh's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
193 views

How will space suit computers likely be radiation hardened?

Writing this comment inspired the following question: Space suits are critical to life, so if there's a solar storm and the astronaut has received a less-than-lethal dose of radiation, they'll be ...
uhoh's user avatar
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1 answer
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What freedom of movement does an untethered, thrusterless astronaut have? - with a 20lb sledge

Considering a suited human space explorer, in free space with no means of thrust or acceleration aside from their dexterity, their own mass, and that of a sledge hammer, what possibilities exist for ...
CrystallineEntity's user avatar
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1 answer
229 views

Can air pressure be accumulated this way for a biodome or spacesuit?

Using plastic or rubber or something similar and transparent be inflated with each layer having a increasing pressure lessening the strain on the containing material? When one or two layers fails the ...
Muze's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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How is a space suit climate controlled? [duplicate]

I understand how one could be heated, but how does the space suit cool the water that is noodled throughout it exchanging heat with the body? Why is this method used over traditional methods like a ...
Muze's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
9k views

How Do Astronauts Not Freeze In Space? [duplicate]

I know they have systems that flow water through there suits to keep them cool. But how do they block out the coldness that is space? What materials do they have for this?
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What spacesuits did the Apollo astronauts wear on Earth in their training for the Moon?

Even on the Moon the Apollo spacesuits were so heavy and bulky that the Apollo astronauts couldn't move quite well in them, except in the Apollo 15-17 missions where they were improved. However on ...
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Atmosphere inside a space capsule and need for spacesuits

Was the internal atmosphere of Mercury capsule and CSMs of Apollo missions filled with pure oxygen at low pressure, and was the ambiance controlled to match closely to that on earth (e.g. humidity, ...
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Did the LiOH cartridges for the Space Shuttle cabin and spacesuit share the same shape?

In this answer, I explain how there were two contractors that made the environmental control systems and their lithium hydroxide cartridges during the Apollo program. Garrett AiResearch made the ECS ...
DrSheldon's user avatar
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How to replace and refurbish the EMU suit used at the ISS?

If new parts for the EMU suits should be transported to the ISS they may use the Progress cargo space ship. But what about return of used suit parts to ground for refurbishment? A Progress cargo ship ...
Uwe's user avatar
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