Questions tagged [tanks]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Is the outside surface temperature of a Falcon 9 below freezing? How is the LOX insulated?

This answer explains how the liquid oxygen in a Falcon 9 is evaporation cooled to maintain a temperature well below boiling, by bubbling helium through it. The temperature difference to the ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

About how much do hydrazine/N2O4 tanks weigh per kilogram of propellant

I am trying to do some back of the napkin math on the proposed SpaceX DragonXL to figure out how much extra fuel it needs versus the original dragon, but I don’t know how much parasitic weight from ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Are rocket tanks being filled up until the last seconds before liftoff?

In rocket launch videos, we often observe liquid propellant rocket engines running at full thrust for several seconds before actual liftoff. We understand that liquid propellant rockets consume a ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

How is fuel measured in spacecraft? [duplicate]

On something like a gravity-bound automobile, fuel is measured with a float that moves a variable resistor but I would think this would not be possible on a rocket, one because of extreme G-forces ...
9
votes
0answers
119 views

Why does the Starship methane header tank have so many holes in it?

This picture from Elon shows us the methane header tank positioned inside the main tank. I understand that one of the reasons for header tanks is to keep them pressurized when the main tanks do not ...
4
votes
0answers
154 views

How do the Dynetics-led team's ALPACA lander's “drop tanks” rendezvous and jettison work in terms of trajectories?

Ars Technica's NASA awards lunar lander contracts to Blue Origin, Dynetics—and Starship says: NASA announced Thursday that it has awarded three contracts to begin initial development of lunar ...
4
votes
1answer
559 views

Why the shape of header tank is the way it is?

The header tank is bulged out at the top and the bottom.What may be the reason for this?Can't simple cylinder tanks be used instead? Elon Musk also posted the image of Starship fuel header tank.
11
votes
1answer
223 views

Why are balloon tanks used by so few rocket designs?

Balloon tanks, first used on the MX-774 sounding rocket (the direct, though distant, ancestor of the Atlas family of missiles and launchers), are structurally stabilised by internal gas pressure, ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

What are common rocket fuselage designs?

I am wondering about the basic design considerations when building a rocket body. is it made as a separate hollow cylinder with standalone tanks inserted inside? is it made so that the tank walls are ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Are there active (as of 2020) developments in liquid-fuel tank technology?

This question was broken off from previous mega-question located here. I am aware of the broad liquid fuel tank types: V-2-style steel fuselage Integral steel Integral aluminum (with varying types ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Can you help me fill in the gaps in my liquid-fuel rocket propellant tank technology knowledge? [closed]

I am currently aware of the following types of propellant tank technology: Steel fuselage, used in the V-2/A-4 & other rockets of its era (essentially a plane body) Integral steel tanks, first ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Relationship between scaling up rocket, adding more engines and pressure inside tanks, feedlines

So can anybody say, what is relationship between scaling up rocket ( more payload to orbit ) adding more engines and pressure inside rocket tanks, feedlines. What is standard pressure inside F9R 1st ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

How heavy can a fuel tank get before making it heavier is a liability under any circumstances?

This Question may bend the boundaries of this community a little, since it's mostly about hypothetical rockets that would never be built. Considering a filled fuel tank has to withstand a lot of ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

What happens when supercritical fuel tanks deplete below critical point?

Gaseous fuel/oxidiser (eg H2 / O2) is stored as a supercritical fluid so it becomes homogenous; not prone to delivering matter with fluctuating densities, which would cause major stresses in rocket ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

How would a hybrid motor N2O propellant tank control pressure?

Cryogenic engine prop tanks vent in order to control tank pressure. Thermal energy that (inevitably) gets conducted into a cryo tank raises the propellant enthalpy and so the pressure of the critical ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What are SpaceX's Starship's header tanks?

In the Everyday Astronaut video A conversation with Elon Musk about Starship after about 13:00 Musk shows Dodd a cell phone video that he shot in the top(?) of the ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

What does “stirring tanks” mean?

The Apollo 13 disaster occurred right when the "oxygen tanks were stirred". What does that mean? What benefits does it give? What would happen if they didn't stir the tanks?
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Are there liquid fueled rocket boosters having coaxial fuel/oxidizer tanks?

Reading this question, instead of stacking two tanks, are there boosters where tanks are coaxial, (like a thermos bottle) having a trussed or tridimensional structure between inner and outer tank? ...
5
votes
2answers
215 views

How does Orbex save structural weight by using coaxial tanks?

British aerospace company Orbex is developing a small orbital rocket called Prime, which uses propane and liquid oxygen in two coaxial tanks. One key aspect of propane is that it remains liquid at ...
25
votes
4answers
5k views

Will some rockets really collapse under their own weight?

There are a couple of answer here talking about, rockets collapsing under their own weight. One claims it actually happened another says it is possible. I once saw a pic of a retired Atlas on ...
25
votes
6answers
9k views

Why aren't rockets built with truss structures inside their fuel & oxidizer tanks to increase structural strength?

I've been wondering how a rocket fuselage can support all the weight of the upper stages when it is only made of a cylinder of very thin sheet metal. (Especially considering acceleration, vibration ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

How to find an optimal number of propellent tanks?

My idea: If the propellent mass to tank mass ratio remains constant when increasing/decreasing the amount of propellant then you could increase $\sum \Delta v$, by splitting the propellent tank and ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Cryogenic liquid pressurization resulting in overpressurized tank

I want to pressurize a cryogenic liquid (LN2 in this test. Eventually LOX). I have a setup similar to this and follow a similar procedure to what is described, but I don’t see the same tank pressure ...
3
votes
0answers
161 views

Do rocket labs store propellants at higher pressure than the other rockets?

It is known that the Rutherford engines run on an electric pump-fed cycle. There must be a trade-off between the tank pressure of the electron rocket and battery capacity, for batteries are dead ...
5
votes
0answers
250 views

Why is heated Helium used for tank pressurisation in Falcon 1?

Here in Falcon 1 user guide, in table 2-1 in page 8, heated Helium is mentioned as used for tank pressurisation. What will be the temperature of such He and why is heated He used?
3
votes
0answers
454 views

Safety of carbon fiber oxygen tanks

It seems that there has been controversy as to how safe carbon fiber can be for LOX tanks. In early tests, materials were found to be too ready to combust. This has been a stumbling block for ...