Questions tagged [tanks]

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25
votes
6answers
9k views

Why aren't rockets built with truss structures inside their fuel & oxidizer tanks to increase structural strength?

I've been wondering how a rocket fuselage can support all the weight of the upper stages when it is only made of a cylinder of very thin sheet metal. (Especially considering acceleration, vibration ...
25
votes
4answers
4k views

Will some rockets really collapse under their own weight?

There are a couple of answer here talking about, rockets collapsing under their own weight. One claims it actually happened another says it is possible. I once saw a pic of a retired Atlas on ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

What does “stirring tanks” mean?

The Apollo 13 disaster occurred right when the "oxygen tanks were stirred". What does that mean? What benefits does it give? What would happen if they didn't stir the tanks?
13
votes
1answer
2k views

What happens when supercritical fuel tanks deplete below critical point?

Gaseous fuel/oxidiser (eg H2 / O2) is stored as a supercritical fluid so it becomes homogenous; not prone to delivering matter with fluctuating densities, which would cause major stresses in rocket ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Are there liquid fueled rocket boosters having coaxial fuel/oxidizer tanks?

Reading this question, instead of stacking two tanks, are there boosters where tanks are coaxial, (like a thermos bottle) having a trussed or tridimensional structure between inner and outer tank? ...
5
votes
0answers
207 views

Why is heated Helium used for tank pressurisation in Falcon 1?

Here in Falcon 1 user guide, in table 2-1 in page 8, heated Helium is mentioned as used for tank pressurisation. What will be the temperature of such He and why is heated He used?
4
votes
2answers
154 views

How does Orbex save structural weight by using coaxial tanks?

British aerospace company Orbex is developing a small orbital rocket called Prime, which uses propane and liquid oxygen in two coaxial tanks. One key aspect of propane is that it remains liquid at ...
3
votes
1answer
218 views

What are SpaceX's Starship's header tanks?

In the Everyday Astronaut video A conversation with Elon Musk about Starship after about 13:00 Musk shows Dodd a cell phone video that he shot in the top(?) of the ...
3
votes
0answers
135 views

Do rocket labs store propellants at higher pressure than the other rockets?

It is known that the Rutherford engines run on an electric pump-fed cycle. There must be a trade-off between the tank pressure of the electron rocket and battery capacity, for batteries are dead ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

How heavy can a fuel tank get before making it heavier is a liability under any circumstances?

This Question may bend the boundaries of this community a little, since it's mostly about hypothetical rockets that would never be built. Considering a filled fuel tank has to withstand a lot of ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How to find an optimal number of propellent tanks?

My idea: If the propellent mass to tank mass ratio remains constant when increasing/decreasing the amount of propellant then you could increase $\sum \Delta v$, by splitting the propellent tank and ...
2
votes
0answers
385 views

Safety of carbon fiber oxygen tanks

It seems that there has been controversy as to how safe carbon fiber can be for LOX tanks. In early tests, materials were found to be too ready to combust. This has been a stumbling block for ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How would a hybrid motor N2O propellant tank control pressure?

Cryogenic engine prop tanks vent in order to control tank pressure. Thermal energy that (inevitably) gets conducted into a cryo tank raises the propellant enthalpy and so the pressure of the critical ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Cryogenic liquid pressurization resulting in overpressurized tank

I want to pressurize a cryogenic liquid (LN2 in this test. Eventually LOX). I have a setup similar to this and follow a similar procedure to what is described, but I don’t see the same tank pressure ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Relationship between scaling up rocket, adding more engines and pressure inside tanks, feedlines

So can anybody say, what is relationship between scaling up rocket ( more payload to orbit ) adding more engines and pressure inside rocket tanks, feedlines. What is standard pressure inside F9R 1st ...