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Questions tagged [terraforming]

Questions regarding the artificial creation of Earth-like conditions on another celestial body.

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Terraforming Mars - would Mars lose its water?

If we were to terraform Mars would Mars slowly lose its water i.e., some of the water would sink deep into the dry Martian crust or combine with other elements in the soil? Mars has been dry for ...
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Venus Exploration [duplicate]

While reading an article about a possible "Cloud City" on Venus I was taken by the following statement: Venus’s atmosphere is mainly carbon dioxide and thick clouds of sulfuric acid cover the ...
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How much could Venus cool down with an S$_2$O$_2$ layer above the cloud layers?

Thanks to its sulfuric acid cloud layers Venus has a high Bond albedo of 0.76 Atmosphere of Venus, author: Alexparent The ultraviolet radiation, being 10 % of the total solar energy, is not ...
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How much CO₂ could the wind through a tunnel within the deposit near the south pole of Mars sublimate?

Within the CO₂ deposit near the south pole of Mars, according to this article 3 subunits have been found with one having the top CO₂ layer of about 300 meters thick covered by a water ice layer with a ...
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Will the sinking of a nuclear reactor into the CO$_2$ deposit on Mars cause a huge explosion? [closed]

Within the CO$_2$ deposit near the south pole of Mars, according to this article 3 subunits have been found with one having a top CO$_2$ layer of about 300 meters thick covered by a water ice layer ...
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Is there a known way a nuclear heating device could move around in the CO$_2$ deposit on Mars? [closed]

What would be an easier way to start terraforming Mars than evaporizing the CO$_2$ deposit near the south pole ? An autonomous nuclear heating device of about 1000 kg for instance, that landed on ...
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Are we still able to terraform Mars using greenhouse effect?

In the last month, a group from University of Colorado, Boulder, published a paper on Nature Astronomy entitled "Inventory of $CO_2$ available for terraforming Mars", which was highly publicized on ...
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Artificial Magnetosphere to Terra-form Mars?

I was reading a 2017 article on a potential that Mars could be terraformed using a magneto-tail; A Future Mars Environment for Science and Exploration. This would basically entail sticking a giant ...
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What is the most economical way to vaporize the CO₂ deposit near the south pole of Mars?

In April 2011 NASA announced that the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter had found a large, buried deposit of frozen carbon dioxide at the planet's south pole. It has a volume of about 12,000 cubic ...
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Is there any life from Earth that can live on Mars?

Does Mars have any environment in which a plant, virus or otherwise would be capable of living on Mars without an artificial environment? Is there anything that can live below the Armstrong Limit on ...
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Is there evidence of a general trend among scientists regarding the terraforming of Mars? [closed]

I was wondering if there is a general trend or inclination of the scientific community about actually terraforming Mars, i.e. if scientists are for or against this move (again, general trend - ...
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Venus vs Mars for colonization

Why is Mars getting so much attention vs Venus, which to me seems like a much more attractive option, in regards to habitability. I've read that the upper atmosphere of Venus has the most Earth-like ...
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Where are we in the current effort to make mars habitable? [closed]

I feel like this should be a massive effort put forth by all countries. As a civilization, our population is growing at a break-neck rate. Not only would it be a fail-safe should something happen to ...
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Why not bring life to the atmosphere of Venus along with the next exploring mission?

Why not bring cyanobacteria and fertilizer to the atmosphere of Venus to improve conditions for life there by producing oxygen ? Planetary protection could be a reason. According to Wikipedia: ...
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Is terraforming inevitable? [closed]

Is only economics and the huge scale (material, spatial, and temporal) of the project the only limiting factor that could stop some groups from succeeding? Will other groups of people having a ...
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What type of rock or soil on Mars will give Nostoc Commune cyanobacteria the best chance to survive there?

Photo taken by YAMAMAYA Cyanobacteria are a group of photosynthetic bacteria, who use the energy of light to synthesize organic compounds from carbon dioxide, and producing oxygen this way. Nostoc ...
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Dyson Swarm: Does Mercury have enough mass/raw material?

Does Mercury have enough mass/raw elements to construct an Inverse Dyson Swarm/Bubble (for lack of a better term)? Inverse Dyson Swarm/Bubble Wiki -- a lot like the Dyson Bubble around the star, but ...
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Speculation. Will this “turning-co2-into-O2” zeppelin work in Venus? [closed]

Background: Me and a friend are trying to "colonize" Mars and Venus. He has Mars, and I have to "colonize" Venus. So, my intention was to do a slow terraform by creating zeppelins that convert CO2 ...
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Would electromagnets work? [duplicate]

I've been learning about electromagnets, and it seems that as long as there is electricity, there will always be a magnetic field. Would that work as protection for a spaceship leaving Earth's ...
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Is there any experimental work being done on terraforming?

Beyond theory, are any organizations doing experimental work on Mars terraforming? In laboratory environments.
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Would the EMP from atmospheric polar nuclear detonations on Mars felt by orbiting spacecraft be larger or smaller than (if it were) on Earth?

Gizmodo's Watch Elon Musk Describe Terraforming Mars to Stephen Colbert links to the video (shown below). Their second article Elon Musk Clarifies His Plan to "Nuke Mars" quotes Musk from a SolarCity ...
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Artificial magnetic shielding for Mars feasible?

According to this article, the Martian atmosphere can be saved from being dispersed into space through an artificial magnetic shield. I'm interested in knowing the costs and mechanics that can make ...
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When a planetary dust storm occurs like on Mars, can it affect the Magnetic field of the planet?

I was wondering if such electrically charged dust storms could have a dampening effect upon a planet's magnetic field. Thank you.
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Bombing Moon and Mars: What would it look like?

To me it seems surprising, frightening, and sadly typical that before humans set foot on a celestial body, they plan to nuke it (1, 2, 3). What would a big explosion on Moon or Mars look like? I ...
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Will thinning the atmosphere of Venus make its surface habitable?

I have no idea about this thing, but since Mars is on the table, why not Venus? It has comparatively better gravity and a big enough surface. Also, maybe we can harvest its atmosphere and use it ...
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Can cirrus clouds be created on Mars?

On Earth we are thinking about reducing the cirrus clouds to cool off the planet Earth, but can cirrus clouds be created to add to Mars' atmosphere and keep the heat from escaping into space?
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Could the moons of Jupiter or Saturn be heated to human-friendly temperatures?

I always loved the part in 2001 where Jupiter becomes as star. Has anyone ever suggested placing power generating stations high in the atmosphere of gas giants, and beaming the energy to colonies on ...
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Comet at Mars L1

If we placed a comet at Mars L1 point would we get a coma and tail that would add volatiles to the Martian atmosphere? I've also read comets create a bow shock with the solar wind, slowing it down, ...
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Is a magnetic field really needed to terraform Mars?

I see so many discussions about how the main roadblock to terraforming Mars is its lack of a magnetic field. If Mars had an atmosphere as thick as Earth's but no magnetic field, wouldn't it still take ...
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Are closed ecological systems considered terraforming?

With the recent interest in traveling to Mars, it would seem apparent that terraforming would be an integral part of achieving this goal. Is it a requirement to encompass the whole planet, or is a ...
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Could Mars be made much more habitable by boulders from Phobos?

Of course, research on Mars is first needed to explore if there is life or has been in the past. But after that, boulders could be thrown from Phobos at specific areas on Mars, like Utopia Planitia, ...
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Is it possible to get a boulder from Phobos to one of the poles of Mars?

And what will then be the speed theoretically at which it hits the surface at one of the poles ? Please, specify your calculations and the trajectory. Edit: Why should this be a bad question, with ...
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What is stopping us from starting to terraform Mars right now?

Mars has stational liquid water on its surface, a CO2-rich atmosphere and its soil might lack some nutrients that plants need to grow there. So, what is stopping us from filling a rocket with seeds ...
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What would the effect be if we placed all of our greenhouse gases on Mars?

I don't know how much greenhouse gases are on our planet but what would happen to Mars if we could contain the gases on Earth somehow and transfer it to the surface of Mars? Ignoring the fact that ...
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Can engineered comet impacts kickstart Venus's magnetic field?

Would impacting the planet with comets at the right angle (tangent) give it enough spin to turn its iron core, kickstarting a magnetic field while bringing enough water to it to reduce the amount of ...
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Does a planet need an ozone layer to maintain an atmosphere?

Is it possible to build an atmosphere on Mars without an ozone layer? What would trap the gas? Also what is an ozone layer made of?
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Is it possible to colonize planetoids by using perfluorocarbon lakes?

Is it possible to colonize planetoids using breathable liquid such as perfluorocarbons (PFCs) with dissolved oxygen and filling craters and depressions with it instead of building insulated habitats? ...
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How plausible are the predictions made by Stephen Petranek at TED?

Here is the talk in question He talks about getting to Mars by 2027. He talks about a device called a WAVAR which will extract water from humidity. He also talks about a device called MOXIE which ...
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Is terraforming mars with only 4 nuclear bombs/penetrators in 10 years possible as this paper says?

Abstract: "Four, 100kg fusion warheads, launched from a Mars orbiter, can throw into the air, enough dust to cover Mars' South Polar Cap, darken it, and cause it to sublime through increased solar ...
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Could the Moon be terraformed by outgassing its oxygen?

The majority of the Moon's mass is oxygen. With energy it could chemically be liberated from its silicon et cetera compounds and be turned into oxygen gas. Given its low gravity, lack of magnetosphere ...
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What would be the effect of increasing the mass of Mars?

It seems to me, that if we want to make Mars as Earthlike as possible, we should increase its mass. The long term affects of lower gravity environments on humans is not fully known, but we have enough ...
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A method to restore the oceans on Mars [closed]

Simply inject heat into the core of Mars should do. Recently NASA said that there was possibly ocean on Mars, if that's true, then the loss of water couldn't be related to it being lost in space. The ...
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Terraforming Of Venus [duplicate]

Everyone is constantly focusing on the terraforming of mars however how could one terraform venus? The most obvious problems are the high pressure co2 atmosphere, sulfuric rain, lack of water, lack of ...
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Place a satellite at Sun-Mars L1 to shield Mars from Sun radiation

Instead of placing many magnetic satellites close to Mars to artificially generate a magnetic field to protect Martian colonists from harming radiation, we could place a magnetic satellite at ...
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Would it be possible to deploy a man-made magnetic field in Mars orbit for terraforming? [closed]

I know terraforming Mars has been a topic of discussion for a long time. One of the larger obstacles is the planet's weak magnetic field, which if I understand correctly is integral to containing an ...
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Balancing a mirror

A possible way of heating up Mars is to use mirrors to direct more sunlight towards the planet. I am not asking about the feasibility or cost of such a gigantic project, but I have a question ...
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Would it be possible to burn off Venus' atmosphere using the sun?

There have been proposals to change planetary orbits using gravity assists. Could this be used to bring Venus close to the sun, burn off its toxic atmosphere, then move it into the habitable zone for ...
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How could an induced magnetosphere be created at Mars for terraforming?

In the long run Mars needs a magnetic field to keep a thick atmosphere and for radiation shielding, if humanity were to terraform it. Starting a dynamo in Mars' core seems forever impossible, but a ...
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wouldn't adding mass to Mars be problematic for its rotation as well as other planets? [closed]

Was reading Which planet or moon would be most feasible to terraform? and specially https://space.stackexchange.com/a/206/12379 . I am not really good at science or maths so please excuse below and ...
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Could we fly on the Moon in Xenon?

The Moon is not capable of keeping an Earth like atmosphere, nor is it practical to keep satellites in lunar orbit. Which means all transportation and communication would need to be ground based. No ...