Questions tagged [terraforming]

Questions regarding the artificial creation of Earth-like conditions on another celestial body.

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2answers
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What would the full hypothetical Mars terraforming roadmap look like?

Most of all the articles about Mars terraforming focus on warming the atmosphere. 2nd most popular topic as far as I know is the magnetic field that Mars lacks. Some other sources speak about toxic ...
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Can the top soil of Mars be transformed to be arable, and how to do it?

Can Mars top soil be transformed to be arable, and how to do it? It may be planted in the isolated space.
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1answer
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Are we still able to terraform Mars using greenhouse effect?

In the last month, a group from University of Colorado, Boulder, published a paper on Nature Astronomy entitled "Inventory of $CO_2$ available for terraforming Mars", which was highly publicized on ...
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Using Venus' Atmosphere to Cool the Earth [closed]

The Starfish Prime nuclear test on July 9, 1962 caused massive fluctuations and degradation of the Earth's magnetic field. This field is largely responsible for redirecting the Sun's solar radiation. ...
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6answers
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Venus vs Mars for colonization

Why is Mars getting so much attention vs Venus, which to me seems like a much more attractive option, in regards to habitability. I've read that the upper atmosphere of Venus has the most Earth-like ...
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1answer
384 views

What type of rock or soil on Mars will give Nostoc Commune cyanobacteria the best chance to survive there?

Photo taken by YAMAMAYA Cyanobacteria are a group of photosynthetic bacteria, who use the energy of light to synthesize organic compounds from carbon dioxide, and producing oxygen this way. Nostoc ...
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1answer
148 views

To cool down Venus, from where would be the most economical way to bring the shadowing material into orbit around the planet?

Edit: With the help of comments below, I've changed the question somewhat. Credit: NASA, Image processed from Mariner 10 images by R. Nunes http://www.astrosurf.com/nunes It could seem that ...
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3answers
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Place a satellite at Sun-Mars L1 to shield Mars from Sun radiation

Instead of placing many magnetic satellites close to Mars to artificially generate a magnetic field to protect Martian colonists from harming radiation, we could place a magnetic satellite at ...
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2answers
860 views

Does a planet need an ozone layer to maintain an atmosphere?

Is it possible to build an atmosphere on Mars without an ozone layer? What would trap the gas? Also what is an ozone layer made of?
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Changing the rotational rate of a natural body

Let's say that for the purpose of terraforming, we need to speed up the rotation of a planet (like Venus), a moon or an asteroid to near Earthian day. How would we go about doing this? Can this be ...
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Balancing a mirror

A possible way of heating up Mars is to use mirrors to direct more sunlight towards the planet. I am not asking about the feasibility or cost of such a gigantic project, but I have a question ...
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1answer
272 views

Are there any possible methods for keeping surface water on mars?

I've been reading this wikipedia article on terraforming mars. One of the major issues with terraforming mars is essential molecules and elements escaping the planet. There have been several ...
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Why not bring life to Venus along with the next exploring mission?

Why not bring cyanobacteria and fertilizer to the atmosphere of Venus to improve conditions for life there by producing oxygen ? Planetary protection could be a reason. According to Wikipedia: ...
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1answer
299 views

What's the deepest a trench could theoretically be dug on Mars?

Given the physical characteristics of Mars (the crusts thickness, it's composition, gravity, etc) how deep a trench (that could be expected to continue to exist indefinitely, or rather, for periods of ...
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1answer
123 views

Venus without the greenhouse

What would have been the approximate surface temperatures and pressure on Venus if its atmospheric composition was like the Earth's that is ,being composed primarily of nitrogen and oxygen,rather ...
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Could not silica aerogel dramatically increase the atmospheric pressure on Mars?

In the NASA article Want to Colonize Mars ? Aerogel Could Help a study about the potential of aerogel as a building material on Mars is reviewed. In an experiment 2-3 centimeters of silica aerogel ...
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What is the most economical way to vaporize the CO₂ deposit near the south pole of Mars?

In April 2011 NASA announced that the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter had found a large, buried deposit of frozen carbon dioxide at the planet's south pole. It has a volume of about 12,000 cubic ...
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Is a magnetic field really needed to terraform Mars?

I see so many discussions about how the main roadblock to terraforming Mars is its lack of a magnetic field. If Mars had an atmosphere as thick as Earth's but no magnetic field, wouldn't it still take ...
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Could the Moon keep an atmosphere?

When we think of terraforming a body in our galaxy Mars gets lots of consideration as the closest potential body. But what about the Moon? It is currently beyond our ability to add an atmosphere ...
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101 views

Should there not be a sulfuric acid free zone in the atmosphere above the equator of Venus?

The circulation in the troposphere of Venus follows an almost purely zonal flow, with windspeeds of about 100 m/sec at 60-70 km altitude, which corresponds to the upper cloud deck. These winds quickly ...
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1answer
133 views

Could the sulfuric acid in the atmosphere of Venus be heated enough by concentrated sunlight to create water and oxygen?

The atmospheric pressure and temperature at about 50 to 60 km above the surface of Venus is nearly the same as that of the Earth, making its upper atmosphere the most Earth-like area in the Solar ...
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1answer
383 views

Removing perchlorate from Mars surface soil

It's known that there's a lot of perchlorate contained in Mars' surface soil. But could we take the toxic part out and make it become plantable? If so, how might this be done in a practical way on ...
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Can Venus be made habitable?

Atmosphere of Venus consists predominately of Carbon dioxide and Nitrogen. Is it possible to convert the atmospheric Carbon dioxide into Oxygen with the help of bacteria by photosynthesis, and make ...
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1answer
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Sulphur Hexafluoride atmosphere for Ceres?

So, I have read that the escape velocity of Ceres is 514 m/s, and orbital velocity(for a low orbit) is 360 m/s... Now, the RMS(Root Mean Square) velocity of Sulphur Hexafluoride at 72 $^o$F (23 $^o$C,...
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How will Mars terraforming missions really work, how do pioneers like SpaceX plan on conquering Mars? [duplicate]

We know Mars is now dead in the water (or space), it is now merely an oversized rock hurtling through space, with a bit of atmosphere. I was reading up on terraforming the planet, and learned that ...
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How large of a mirror would be needed to warm Titan up?

How large of a mirror would be needed to warm Titan up to ~290K? Paul Birch in his paper "Terroforming Mars Quickly" calculated a mirror size of: Support Mirror: 2.5 x 10^7m radius 3x 105m wide ...
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2answers
459 views

Artificial Magnetosphere to Terra-form Mars?

I was reading a 2017 article on a potential that Mars could be terraformed using a magneto-tail; A Future Mars Environment for Science and Exploration. This would basically entail sticking a giant ...
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How could an induced magnetosphere be created at Mars for terraforming?

In the long run Mars needs a magnetic field to keep a thick atmosphere and for radiation shielding, if humanity were to terraform it. Starting a dynamo in Mars' core seems forever impossible, but a ...
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Would a terraformed Martian athmosphere even persist? [duplicate]

So I saw a question here mentioning that omnipresent idea of terraforming mars by somehow giving it more atmosphere (here it was melting/evaporating the polar ice caps). My problem with that is: ...
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1answer
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Mathematical approaches to analysis of terraforming

The process of terraforming has been discussed at length in this site. I am wondering if there has been any mathematical analysis of how terraforming would take place in credible scientific ...
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1answer
302 views

Can it be realistic to build a artificial magnetic field around Mars? [duplicate]

I was wondering how realistic it is to build an artificial magnetic field around Mars using electromagnetism. So my question is; what kind of current would be needed in a loop around Mars' equator to ...
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1answer
345 views

Would it be possible to burn off Venus' atmosphere using the sun?

There have been proposals to change planetary orbits using gravity assists. Could this be used to bring Venus close to the sun, burn off its toxic atmosphere, then move it into the habitable zone for ...
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Will thinning the atmosphere of Venus make its surface habitable?

I have no idea about this thing, but since Mars is on the table, why not Venus? It has comparatively better gravity and a big enough surface. Also, maybe we can harvest its atmosphere and use it ...
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Fixing Carbon in Venus's Atmosphere

I often wonder about fixing the carbon the atmosphere of Venus. Whilst there is no water meaning this is unlikely to be possible using biological means, is it possible that some kind of machine could ...
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Is there any reason other than lack of oxygen Tardigrades can't survive Mars?

If Cyanobacteria or Lichens can survive on Mars could other small organisms like the Tardigrade then survive & flourish among them? Due to the thicker atmosphere to be found the bottom of the ...
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Is there any moon in our solar system which we could terraform relatively fast? [duplicate]

I am just curious as to whether there is any moon in our solar system which could be terraformed or at least made into a livable moon for us. By fast i mean as fast as possible, given our current ...
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1answer
134 views

Could it be worthwhile to bring a small and simple greenhouse with biofilms along with one of the next missions to Mars?

Planetary protection rules could be a reason not to bring biofilms to Mars, but because several landers and satellites that crashed or landed on Mars were probably not sterilized these rules were ...
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1answer
750 views

How deep a valley or trench would be needed on Mars to provide the same atmospheric pressure as 6 km above sea level on Earth?

Atmospheric pressure increases the deeper you go & the highest growing plants on Earth have been found at a height of 6 km so how deep a trench would we need on Mars to provide similar air ...
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1answer
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Could we fly on the Moon in Xenon?

The Moon is not capable of keeping an Earth like atmosphere, nor is it practical to keep satellites in lunar orbit. Which means all transportation and communication would need to be ground based. No ...
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2answers
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If I wanted to try to terraform Mars, who would have the authority to stop me?

Let’s say hypothetically I could fund a rocket ship and pack it with lots of biomaterial. Biomaterial that would hopefully survive the impact, reproduce and potentially alter the atmosphere of Mars. ...
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1answer
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Where's the Nitrogen on Venus?

A lot of people tend to narrowly focus on only Oxygen, Hydrogen, and carbon when considering the suitability for life. But the organic processes that we rely on require more elements than just those ...
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2answers
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Terraforming Mars - would Mars lose its water?

If we were to terraform Mars would Mars slowly lose its water i.e., some of the water would sink deep into the dry Martian crust or combine with other elements in the soil? Mars has been dry for ...
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Venus Exploration [duplicate]

While reading an article about a possible "Cloud City" on Venus I was taken by the following statement: Venus’s atmosphere is mainly carbon dioxide and thick clouds of sulfuric acid cover the ...
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How would it be possible to kick start Mars's magnetic field?

Jumping from this question about terraforming Mars, how would one mitigate the main obstacle, namely Mars's lack of a magnetic field? Are there any hypothetical processes that might restart Mars's ...
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How much CO₂ could the wind through a tunnel within the deposit near the south pole of Mars sublimate?

Within the CO₂ deposit near the south pole of Mars, according to this article 3 subunits have been found with one having the top CO₂ layer of about 300 meters thick covered by a water ice layer with a ...
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1answer
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Is there any life from Earth that can live on Mars?

Does Mars have any environment in which a plant, virus or otherwise would be capable of living on Mars without an artificial environment? Is there anything that can live below the Armstrong Limit on ...
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1answer
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Will the sinking of a nuclear reactor into the CO$_2$ deposit on Mars cause a huge explosion? [closed]

Within the CO$_2$ deposit near the south pole of Mars, according to this article 3 subunits have been found with one having a top CO$_2$ layer of about 300 meters thick covered by a water ice layer ...
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1answer
95 views

Is there a known way a nuclear heating device could move around in the CO$_2$ deposit on Mars? [closed]

What would be an easier way to start terraforming Mars than evaporizing the CO$_2$ deposit near the south pole ? An autonomous nuclear heating device of about 1000 kg for instance, that landed on ...
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1answer
148 views

Is there evidence of a general trend among scientists regarding the terraforming of Mars? [closed]

I was wondering if there is a general trend or inclination of the scientific community about actually terraforming Mars, i.e. if scientists are for or against this move (again, general trend - ...
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Artificial magnetic shielding for Mars feasible?

According to this article, the Martian atmosphere can be saved from being dispersed into space through an artificial magnetic shield. I'm interested in knowing the costs and mechanics that can make ...