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Questions tagged [the-moon]

Questions about Earth's Moon. Also for questions about spacecraft, manned missions, potential missions, etc. related to Earth's Moon.

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Has NASA “gone south”? Why are astronauts needed to explore the Moon's south pole?

Wired: Why America Wants to Send Astronauts to The Moon's South Pole “Before we put boots on the ground at the poles, we urgently need a robotic water ice prospecting mission to the lunar poles,” ...
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What is the state of current plans for a permanent moon base?

With all the news regarding SLS/Commercial Crew and the refocus on Moon then Mars, I was curious as to what we will actually be able to do with these upcoming launch capabilities. I'm familiar with ...
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Is post-X-prize Beresheet better than the X-prize candidate?

As mentioned in this question the total budget of the Lunar X-prize was about US \$30 million, and that included some other prizes beside the winner. However the budget of Beresheet post-X-prize ...
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Why do countries or companies still bother sending landers/probes to the moon?

Countries like Israel, South Korea, or China most recently and companies like ispace have plans to send landers to the lunar surface. At least according to this list. Is it because there is little ...
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Why is Beresheet doing a only a one-way trip?

Why is the SpaceIL Lunar Lander doing a one-way trip? Is that a common project to do nowadays, to send landers to Mars and the Moon without returning them?
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Is Lunar Horizon Glow still a thing? Has the “dust settled” on the topic?

The title gets its inspiration from Is the Flyby Anomaly still a thing? but the topic is different. The Lunar Horizon Glow is a phenomenon observed by some of the Surveyor missions. While the Sun is ...
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Why is there no exosphere demonstrating moon dust and particles in the Apollo footage?

I have read dust levitates on the moon's surface extending to 100 miles in the sky (horizon) creating an exosphere. Dust levitates because the surface of the moon and dust particles have become ...
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Can anyone find a more recent NASA paid for study on lunar tunnel-boring machine?

The one that I found is from May 5,1988 by Professor Stan Lowy Department of Aerospace Engineering Texas A M University https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19890008382.pdf https:/...
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How to extract coordinates of an LROC Image?

How can I extract the coordinates from an existing LROC image to search for that area in the LRO Image Search Tool? What coordinates should I enter in this example? http://wms.lroc.asu.edu/lroc/...
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163 views

What Apollo equipment could be salvaged from the Moon?

If humans returned to the original Apollo landing sites, what previously left-behind equipment could reasonably be salvaged as part of a future mission or colony? That is, is everything that was left ...
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Capture protons from solar wind

Could it be possible ( using a reasonable amount of energy and ressources ) to capture protons from solar wind on (ex. the moon) in order to produce water for a long term self-sufficient mission. The ...
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Tracking SpaceIL Beresheet Moon lander

Does anybody know if Beresheet orbital data are available on NASA Horizons? Some bodies are listed by reference number, with no name: https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/horizons_batch.cgi?batch=1&...
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How SpaceIL Beresheet gets to Moon from GTO?

GTO is an orbit which has its main axis in the plane of Earth's equator. Moon orbit has a different plane. This means until GTO main axis isn't on the intersection of equator and Moon orbit, you can't ...
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What science data has been released from Chang'e 4?

Chang'e 4 was the first soft landing on the far side of the moon. What science data has been released from it? That is, in two parts: what science was done and of that, what data has been released to ...
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Would it be possible to reach Mars using the same fuel-saving method SpaceIL's Beresheet is using?

A few minutes before SpaceIL's Beresheet spacecraft was launched into space, Israeli prime minister Netanyahu congratulated SpaceIL and all those involved and said: "We are already waiting for you to ...
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What joints of Apollo 17 space suits did moon dust get into, making the astronauts arms difficult to move?

At about 02:45 the Curious Droid video Apollo, the Lunar Dust and NASA's Dirty Problem says: During Apollo 17, crew members Harrison “Jack” Schmitt and Gene ...
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NASA says Mars' soil has the nutrients for growing plants, how about the Moon?

Okey, that's not everything they said but I can't write everything in the title. NASA says Mars's soil has the nutrients for growing plants, though there may not be the right amount depending on where ...
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1answer
112 views

Which are the reasons for wanting to have a colony in Mars first than in the Moon?

As far as I understand, (correct me if I'm wrong) one of the reasons for wanting a colony in Mars is for the possibility in the future of having a space port where rockets could leave the planet ...
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243 views

Why is the earth so small when observed from the moon?

I recently discovered the pictures from DSCOVR taken at the Lunar Transit in 2016. The earth appears very massive behind the moon, which is a little unintuitive if you consider how small it is when ...
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108 views

Was this the first-ever photo of a full moon very close to lunar new year?

Limiting the concept of "lunar new year" to "Chinese New Year" (since there are many lunar and lunisolar calendars, the latter of which the traditional Chinese one is a widely used example), is this ...
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3answers
563 views

Apollo Missions - Travel time to moon [duplicate]

I must be missing something - escape velocity is about 25,000mph. The distance to the moon about 240,000 miles. That computes to about a 9 hour flight. Why did it take 3 days for Apollo missions to ...
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1answer
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Is any feature of the Moon protected?

Perhaps this seems trivial, since it may not directly affect our planet, but if we ever colonize the Moon and mine its resources, the trace of human devastation will change sooner or later the surface ...
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What are NASA's dozen payloads for the Moon that will be ready for launch by the end this year? (2019)

Ars Technicha's NASA emphasizing “speed” in its return to the Moon says: The leader of NASA's scientific programs, Thomas Zurbuchen, said this program was designed with speed in mind, and it would ...
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212 views

What did JPL's 1939 lunar lander look like and what practical aspects of landing on the Moon did this engineering design address?

According to Wikipedia's Jet Propulsion Laboratory: During JPL's Army years, the laboratory developed two deployed weapon systems, the MGM-5 Corporal and MGM-29 Sergeant intermediate range ...
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How soon after “The Eagle” landed did they first attempt to bounce a laser off the Moon? When did it first succeed?

The question When did Houston figure out where the Eagle had landed? says (in part): During Apollo 11's stay on the surface, Michael Collins was given seven different locations to look for the ...
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Could Hubble observe the night side of the Moon?

IIUC the Hubble space telescope cannot observe the Sun lit side of the Moon. And Hubble is never pointed closer than 90 degrees towards the Sun. But this still allows for observing the night side of ...
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231 views

Asteroid impact on the Moon: which effects cause the flash?

It is most likely that there was an impact on the Moon during yesterday's lunar eclipse. I am trying to get some more understanding of this so that I could maybe do a more detailed video on this ...
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How did Lunokhod 1 become “lost” in 1971; in what ways did astronomers “look for it” after that?

The Smithsonian Magazine article Lost Soviet Reflector Found on the Moon says: There are actually five retroreflectors on the Moon: three placed by Apollo astronauts and two that sit atop Soviet ...
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1answer
60 views

Luna artificial satellite eclipses

Have we been able to see the shadow on the Moon's surface of any artificial satellites that orbit the Moon?
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Why didn’t the astronauts on the moon ever get out of breath? Even while running, or falling down?

My question is, even with the demand of learning how to walk and all the falls and and bumbling around of the astronauts, they never ran outta breath? Maybe in the newer missions they caught this and ...
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92 views

Launch window for the Apollo Lunar Module?

If something would have gone wrong after a successful Moon landing requiring to ascent as soon as possible, what about the launch window for the lunar rendezvous maneuver? Could they ascent at any ...
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Would there be value in taking tardigrades on a Lunar mission?

China's Chang'e 4 mission recently initiated biological experiments on our moon. There's value in performing those experiments, of course. Now, I'd be curious to see how tardigrades do in the long ...
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Chang'e- 4 safeguards to biological Contamination on the moon?

What kinds of safeguards does Chang'e 4, China's lander on the dark side of the moon use, in order to prevent biological contamination on the moon? How well are they documented?
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Were there fruit fly or silkworm eggs in the biosphere of the Chang'e 4 lander?

Drosophila melanogaster or bombyx mori? 29 700 google hits for chang'e silkworm 27 500 chang'e drosophila 25 100 chang'e "fruit fly" https://de.wikipedia.org/...
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Where is that lunar-grown cotton seed sprout?

Most of us have seen this picture of the cotton seed currently sprouting inside a Chinese lander on the far side of the moon: Source The image shows see a plastic grid with a gelatinous overlay of ...
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How did humans grow plants on the Moon despite the harsh conditions?

The Chang'e 4 lander contains seeds to grow plants on the Moon. The Moon has non-sustainable life conditions. Among those are the lack of water, atmosphere, the varying extreme temperatures, the low ...
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Why did the Chinese send flies and plants to the far side of the moon?

The Chinese space craft that just landed on the moon had a tube with a biosphere in with flies and plants. What are they expecting to learn? Didn't we already experiment that on the ISS? Source ...
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Could colonizing Moon dangerously affect its gravity?

If we colonized Moon it would mean we are moving matter from Earth to Moon. Since Moon is much smaller than Earth could these changes somehow affect its trajectory/movement to the point we could ...
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107 views

How to communicate with a lunar polar mission?

We can easily communicate with a spacecraft on the Moon on the near side. The Far Side allows for a L2 halo communication relay satellite easily enough. How would a polar mission communicate with ...
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Do moon rovers on near side need a relay communication satellite?

Wikipedia says direct communication is not possible from the far side of the moon. So I'm guessing it should be possible for the satellite to communicate directly without relay satellite from the near ...
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Is it ethical for Chang'e-4 to bring an entire ecosystem to the moon? [closed]

As far as I know, it isn't ethical to contaminate outer space with life from Earth, because then we will never be sure if life can actually grow there. However, I just read reports that the latest ...
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Why did China land a rover on the moon?

Why did China land the Chang’e-4 rover on the moon? What was it supposed to accomplish or explore?
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108 views

How often does a geostationary satellite enter into a Lunar shadow?

Is there a chance for the many geostationary satellites to enter into the moon’s shadow? If so, how frequently do such eclipses happen and how long do they typically last? Are such eclipses pre-...
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3answers
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Why are the rovers finding the long Lunar night difficult to overcome?

Compared to Martian nights, Lunar nights are long and cold. This has posed a lot of challenges in the past. What specific challenges does long duration night pose? What are the methods to over come? ...
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What was the first piece of wood to reach the far side of the Moon? Or the first spacecraft?

Chang'e-4 is the first lander/rover mission to reach the far side, but probably doesn't have any wood on it. What was the first piece of wood that landed on the far side of the Moon, and what was the ...
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222 views

Did Apollo's velocity slow down after TLI due to Earth's gravity?

I assume Apollo's velocity slowed down after it left Earth orbit, for how long was it decelerating. Did it start accelerating as it approached the Moon. What was the rate of deceleration due to ...
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Lunar module on the moon [duplicate]

I understand that a lunar day is about 13 & half earth days, and so also the lunar night. Since there is no atmosphere on moon, the surface temperature during "lunar day" reaches upto +127 degree ...
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Colors of the Moon totally different in the pictures taken by Chang'e-4 in comparison with the Apollo photos. Why?

None of the pictures taken by Chang'e-4 Chinese lunar probe (see the attached images) in January 2019 have colors similar to the photos taken by Armstrong, Aldrin and the other 10 astronauts. The ...
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How to soft land on Moon?

China had sent it's own rover Chang'e-4 called Jade Rabbit/Yu Tu 2 to explore the far side of the Moon, the news said it softlanded... I remembered there is no atmosphere to deploy parachute so what ...
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Transmission time per day for Chang'e 4?

Congratulations for the sucessfull landing on the back side of the Moon. There is continuous line of site available for radio connection from the lander to the Queqiao relay satellite at the Earth-...