Questions tagged [venus]

Questions regarding the second planet from the Sun.

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46
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6answers
9k views

Would it be easier to put humans on Venus rather than Mars?

With all the speculation of manned missions to Mars, there is very little talk of a manned mission to Venus (whose orbit is closer to the orbit of Earth than mars is). That being said, would it be ...
43
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4answers
10k views

Why was Venus rather than Mars targeted for the first interplanetary landings?

This is a question about early planetary missions. It looks like there was only one early (unsuccessful) landing mission to Mars and that subsequently Venus became the target for interplanetary ...
36
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1answer
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Could the Saturn V actually have launched astronauts around Venus?

One of the more interesting proposed uses of a Saturn V was to launch a manned flyby of Venus. Some of the cargo would have been stored inside the tank of the upper stage, which would be retained ...
33
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2answers
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Why is the rotation rate of Venus so slow?

Venus has an extremely slow rotation rate, to the point that it actually rotates slower than it revolves around the sun. In other words, its day is longer than its year. With the exception of Mercury, ...
30
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2answers
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What are the teeth on the edge of Venera 13 and 14?

From top to bottom, Venera 9, 10, 13A, 13B, 14A and 14B. Venera 13 and 14 have some kind of teeth on the edge of the lander. What purpose do these serve? Why didn't Venera 9 and 10 have them?
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4answers
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When will we send floating probes to Venus?

Recent plans on human missions to Mars have sparked many discussions, one of which is about if we should colonize Venusian upper atmosphere with Zeppelin like floating ships and cities first. NASA ...
24
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2answers
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How does Venus' thick atmosphere survive against the solar wind?

The traditional explanation for rocky inner planets and large gaseous outer planets is that the outer planets are farther from the Sun, and therefore can hold onto large atmospheres that don't get ...
24
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1answer
2k views

Has any technology been demonstrated that allows a useful payload to survive at least one month on Venus' surface?

According to the Wikipedia article on Venera-D, A lander, based on the Venera design, is also planned, capable of surviving for a long duration on the planet's surface. The surface of Venus has ...
23
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4answers
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When did planetary scientists realize Venus' surface pressure was almost 100x that on Earth? How did they find out?

The question Surface of Venus - what would it look like to see a spacecraft crushed by the atmospheric pressure? is a good one! That plus comments below this answer got me thinking first about just ...
23
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3answers
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Maximum survivable atmospheric pressure

Given a similar mix of gases to those in our Earth's atmosphere, what is the upper limit of survivable atmospheric pressure for a human? Could a human survive higher pressures with a gas mix unlike ...
23
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1answer
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What cooling improvements did the Venera missions make?

I've been reading about Russia's (former Soviet Union) Venera missions, and one thing about them that has impressed me is the incremental improvements the landers made in their lifespans before ...
23
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1answer
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What would the Venus landers look like today?

Between 1966 and 1985, several probes, mostly of Soviet design, successfully landed on Venus. Many of them continued operating long enough to send back audio, images, and various measurements, though ...
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2answers
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Would terraforming Venus destroy its ionosphere?

In "Can Venus be made habitable?" we see that Venus's atmosphere would have to be substantially altered in order to terraform Venus. "Why has Venus's atmosphere not been stripped away by solar wind?" ...
19
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3answers
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Potential high temperature power sources for a Venus lander

What power sources are viable on a 'long term' Venus lander? An RTG relies on a temperature differential, and is not likely to be doable with a 457C 'cold side'. Based on this answer there is not ...
19
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2answers
2k views

Can it be said that Venus is covered by an ocean rather than atmosphere?

At Venusian temperatures and pressures, CO2 becomes supercritical. This means it behaves as a dense liquid yet has no clear upper bound and continuously becomes gas with height. Can we thus say that ...
17
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1answer
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Was Venus once seriously believed to be lush under its cloud cover?

Mars was once believed to have canals, and some astronomers seriously argued that they were artificial. The atmosphere of Venus was first observed in 1761. Wikipedia kind of skips over the period ...
16
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5answers
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Can Venus be made habitable?

Atmosphere of Venus consists predominately of Carbon dioxide and Nitrogen. Is it possible to convert the atmospheric Carbon dioxide into Oxygen with the help of bacteria by photosynthesis, and make ...
16
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6answers
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Venus vs Mars for colonization

Why is Mars getting so much attention vs Venus, which to me seems like a much more attractive option, in regards to habitability. I've read that the upper atmosphere of Venus has the most Earth-like ...
16
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1answer
4k views

Does a mission to Venus orbit require less propellant than a similar mission to Mars?

Gravitational attraction is determined using G (m1m2)/r^2 Which indicates the force is inversely proportional to the square of separation of the bodies Of the terrestrial planets Mercury, Venus, ...
15
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3answers
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Is it more challenging to put an airship in the Uranian than in the Venusian atmosphere?

The Soviet Union's (in cooperation with some European governments like France and West Germany) Vega missions put balloons in the atmosphere of Venus back in 1985. It was 30 years ago, the last ...
15
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3answers
643 views

Will or could the Parker Solar Probe do science at Venus?

Solar Probe Plus will flyby Venus 7 times(!) during 6 years in order to enter its "low" Solar orbit. Will it carry any instrument useful for studying Venus, for example seasonal changes? Would its ...
15
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1answer
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Why did the Venera missions land so close together?

I was reading about the Venera missions to Venus, and saw this map on Wikipedia: Venera 7 is missing from the map for some reason, but it landed at 5° S, 351° E, so it would have been very close to ...
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1answer
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Why wasn't the phosphine in Venus' atmosphere detected by space probes?

Today, it was announced that phosphine has been found in Venus' atmosphere, rekindling the discussion about the possibility of extraterrestrial life. Venus has been visited by space probes for about ...
14
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4answers
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Could we see the surface of Venus after the explosion of a H-bomb in its atmosphere?

The dense atmosphere of Venus is mainly composed of carbon dioxide and nitrogen, with clouds made of sulfuric acid droplets, which make optical observation of the surface impossible. As can be seen ...
14
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5answers
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Why is the atmospheric pressure on Venus so high?

The pressure on Venus is 1334 PSI or 92 times the pressure at sea level on Earth, which is 14.5 PSI. Now, in our oceans the pressure increases by 14.5 PSI every 33 feet. So, we're told that the ...
14
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2answers
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Why not bring life to Venus along with the next exploring mission?

Why not bring cyanobacteria and fertilizer to the atmosphere of Venus to improve conditions for life there by producing oxygen ? Planetary protection could be a reason. According to Wikipedia: ...
14
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1answer
1k views

How long will it be light on Venus at night?

The atmosphere of Earth bends light such that there is still light after the sun goes down for a period of time. How would such effects appear on Venus, given the thicker atmosphere?
14
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1answer
320 views

How long could Solar Impulse fly in the Venerean atmosphere?

Extremes of temperature, and pressure serve to effectively constrict the life-span of a PV cell on the Venerean surface. Despite the cloud cover, the Venus' proximity to Sol makes for upto 1km ...
14
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2answers
295 views

Launch to orbit delta-v penalty from Venus compared to Earth?

Thinking about the no atmosphere caveat here made me think of Venus, which is the opposite of no atmosphere for solid/rocky bodies in our solar system. Earth's low orbital velocity is about 7.8 km/s. ...
13
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2answers
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Why would Sun-synchronous orbits be impossible around perfectly spherical bodies?

This is a special case follow-up to Are sun-synchronous orbits possible around any body? Reading Wikipedia on Sun-synchronous orbit a few days ago when trying to refresh my memory on orbital mechanics ...
13
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1answer
5k views

Changing the rotational rate of a natural body

Let's say that for the purpose of terraforming, we need to speed up the rotation of a planet (like Venus), a moon or an asteroid to near Earthian day. How would we go about doing this? Can this be ...
13
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1answer
532 views

Would it be possible to “ride the wave” on Venus?

Update: Newly published paper in Nature Geoscience Atmospheric mountain wave generation on Venus and its influence on the solid planet’s rotation rate has open-access links in Science News, ...
12
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1answer
502 views

Does Venus have doldrums or horse latitudes (latitudes with lower winds)?

Because of all the heat fueling convection cells, Venus has some brisk winds especially in the upper atmosphere (up to 370 km/h). I realize the winds are quite slow at the surface, but are there any ...
12
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1answer
8k views

What material properties would be necessary to shield a lander from the environment of the Venusian surface?

On March 1, 1982, the Venera 13 lander survived for 127 minutes in an environment with a temperature of 457 °C (855 °F) and a pressure of 89 Earth atmospheres (9.0 MPa). This says nothing of the ...
12
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1answer
426 views

What is the surface temperature distribution of Venus?

I can find lots of resources stating the average surface temperature. However, I have found conflicting reports concerning the distribution of temperatures on the surface. For example, the Venus ...
12
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3answers
395 views

Phosphine, yes — but where are the organic compounds on Venus?

There has been much speculation in recent news about the finding of phosphine on Venus, and what may be producing it. At the same time, when we look for clues of life elsewhere in the Solar System, we ...
11
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2answers
522 views

Around Venus in 8 days by Balloon?

The question Would a human colony on Venus be possible? received an answer showing how inhospitable the surface is. But combined with comments to the answer implies that a station in the upper ...
11
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3answers
612 views

How could the proposed floating base in the atmosphere of Venus receive supplies?

I'm a big fan of the floating aerostat concept developed by Geoffrey Landis for colonizing Venus. But how would you supply a floating base? It would be an awfully small target to aim a vessel at. The ...
11
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1answer
915 views

How certain are we that we have not accidentally sent life to other planets/moons?

Recently phosphine was discovered on Venus, and that led to some speculation that life exists on Venus because phosphine is a known biosignature on Earth. Considering that we've sent probes to Venus ...
11
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1answer
1k views

Would a human colony on Venus be possible?

According to Wikipedia Venus has a gravity of 9/10 Earth which would be very nice for a human to live on, but the temperature seems a bit high. Without terrforming and with our current knowledge and ...
10
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3answers
2k views

A balloon in the Venus atmosphere?

Was there any proposal or study for a balloon in the Venus atmosphere? A spacecraft can enter in the atmosphere and inflate a balloon to fly for a few days or weeks. That can help collecting a lot of ...
10
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1answer
722 views

Why do radar maps of the surface of Venus have missing slices?

The visually opaque clouds of Venus still pass radio and some microwaves, and so powerful radar signals can be used to map the surface. This is probably done using some kind of delay-Doppler technique,...
10
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1answer
1k views

What is the average intensity of sunlight on the Venerean surface?

A follow-up to How much more power does a PV cell generate in Venerean orbit? NASA writes to say about Venera 8 ... measured the light level as being suitable for surface photography, finding it ...
10
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1answer
576 views

Would it be feasible to use wind turbines on Venus?

It has been proposed on Earth to use airborne wind turbines, anchored to the ground and flying at high altitudes where wind is strong and consistent. On Venus, I would immediately say that anchoring ...
10
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2answers
2k views

How much sulphuric acid is on Venus?

According to Wikipedia there are just 150 ppm of sulphur dioxide and 20 ppm of water in Venus' atmosphere. At the same time it is known that there is a considerable amount of sulphuric acid in the ...
10
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2answers
525 views

Does the Venusian atmosphere's “super rotation” actually rotate?

The atmosphere of Venus contains strong winds and is said to have a "super rotation" because the atmosphere (above a certain altitude) moves faster than what the ground does. No one can ...
9
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2answers
828 views

What does the discovery of phosphine mean for the future of venusian exploration? [closed]

There have been proposals (1, 2, 3, 4,...) to send probes into the atmosphere of Venus, but these proposals haven't been selected by space agencies to fly. Some balloons were sent in the 80's, but ...
9
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2answers
334 views

Could electricity propel Curiosity on Venus?

To-date the humans have dispatched surface missions to Mars Luna Venus Mars has a thin atmosphere. Luna lacks one. Venus has a soup-thick atmosphere. Landing a static craft on Venus is one thing. ...
9
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5answers
2k views

Stability of Lissajous orbits around Sun-Venus L1

How far is it from the Venus? Does Mercury gives too big perturbations for a stable Lissajous orbit?
9
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2answers
363 views

Why not simulate certain regions of the atmosphere of Venus?

Many people would like to know if any form of life could survive anywhere in the atmosphere of Venus. Researchers have simulated conditions on Mars and found that after a month some cyanobacteria ...