Questions tagged [voskhod-program]

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17
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2answers
1k views

Highest apogee of a Soviet/Russian crewed spacecraft?

I wonder which Soviet/Russian crewed spaceflight reached the highest apogee and how high. For America, the highest apogee ever reached is 1,368 kilometers (~ 850 mi) by Gemini 11 (except that America ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Why was Voskhod 1 at an inclination of 64.7° degrees while Salyut 6 launched from the same latitude was at 51.7°?

This answer to Have any Soviet-era astronauts reported seeing Earth's aurora or related luminescent atmospheric effects? mentions sightings from both Salyut 6 and Voskhod 1. While Salyut 6 orbited for ...
3
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1answer
591 views

Have any Soviet-era astronauts reported seeing Earth's aurora or related luminescent atmospheric effects?

Earth's aurora and related luminescent atmospheric effects are generally quite dim, and mostly but not always located in the general area of Earth's magnetic poles. That means to be seen easily by eye ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

How do Russians enumerate old Soviet space missions?

How are old Soviet space missions numbered in Russia? Were the earliest missions actually given a number, or are they referred to by their cosmonaut, or by a spacecraft nickname instead? Does the ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

What were the reasons the American space-race era rockets didn't use boosters?

Many families of rockets use booster rockets, most notably the R-7 rockets that the Soviet and later Russians use. In comparison the American space-race era rockets mostly didn't. For example, the ...
11
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1answer
2k views

Why did Voskhod 2 carry two cosmonauts when Voskhod 1 proved it could carry three?

Voskhod 1 was the first flight of that particular spacecraft. It carried 3 cosmonauts. The other Voskhod flight -- Voskhod 2 -- carried only two cosmonauts. One of the cosmonauts performed the ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

What kept Vostok/Voskhod from tipping or rolling upon landing?

Considering that the reentry capsule of Vostok and Voskhod were spherical, what kept them from rolling or tipping after landing? Soyuz has a flatter bottom, so I would expect this to be less of an ...
18
votes
3answers
5k views

How did the Vostok ejection seat safely eject an astronaut from a sealed space capsule?

Wikipedia's Yuri Gagarin says: At about 23,000 feet (7,000 m), Gagarin ejected from the descending capsule as planned and landed using a parachute. and the section Vostok_programme; Vostok 3KA ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How exactly were solid-fuel rockets added to the parachute lines of the Voskhod capsule?

This answer notes that Voskhod: ...added a small solid-fuel rocket to the parachute lines. It fired as the descent module neared touchdown, providing a softer landing. How exactly did they safely ...
3
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1answer
389 views

When did soviet capsules begin using retropropulsion immediately before landing?

Wikipedia's Yuri Gagarin says: At about 23,000 feet (7,000 m), Gagarin ejected from the descending capsule as planned and landed using a parachute. and the section Vostok_programme; Vostok 3KA ...