Blue Origin is a Jeff Bezos-founded private American aerospace manufacturer which is attempting to commercialize space tourism.

Blue Origin is an American private aerospace manufacturer set up by Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon. The company intends to provide commercial suborbital space tourism services on a reusable rocket, and is developing plans to expand service to orbital trips.

As of April 30, 2015, the company has flown three test vehicles:

  • Charon, which flew to an altitude of 316 feet on jet engines on March 5, 2005
  • Goddard, a nine-engine VTOL which flew to 285 feet and returned to its launch site on November 13, 2006
  • New Shepard, a crew capsule as well as a liquid hydrogen-powered propulsion module. On March 27, 2015 the system completed its first suborbital test flight. The crew capsule reached 307,000 feet before parachuting back to Earth. The propulsion module reached 304,000 feet, and did not survive its first landing because hydraulic pressure was lost during the descent.