Questions tagged [crewed-spaceflight]

Crewed spaceflight (also referred to as human spaceflight or manned spaceflight) is space travel with a crew aboard the spacecraft. When a spacecraft is crewed, it can be operated directly, as opposed to being remotely operated or autonomous.

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Could amateur radio operators or others contact the ISS against NASA's wishes?

In real life, but more often in fiction, there are have been a number of examples of "Don't tell the crew" i.e. Mission control finding out about an issue and deciding that for whatever ...
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Using inflatable balloons to collect hydrogen from space as a simple solution for radiation shielding

I've seen this video where around the 4:59 mark it states hydrogen is the "best element" to protect humans from cosmic rays: Even if it's not completely true,...
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What is the maximum allowed occupancy of the ISS?

With the recent Crew-2 docking while Crew-1 was still docked, there were Four Crew-1 members Four Crew-2 members Three Soyuz members That totals eleven. There have been as many as 13 aboard at once (...
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Nighttime reentry of occupied spacecraft?

In looking at details of the tomorrow early morning (Sunday, May 2, 2021) reentry of the crewed SpaceX Dragon capsule, I see that it's reentry plan is for a nighttime splashdown in the Gulf of Mexico. ...
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Why do we never see astronauts doing breaststroke or the “Man from Atlantis” swimming movements, say, and thus swimming in air in free fall?

Why do we never see astronauts and others swimming in air in free fall? The swimming strokes that work well under water on earth are the breast stroke and especially that "Man from Atlantis" ...
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Why is there currently so little talk about a Venus gravity assist for a crewed Mars mission?

I just came across this video about manned Mars and Venus missions that were planned in the 1960s. They considered a Venus flyby the best way to get humans to Mars. Indeed, there are also modern ...
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Cyanobacteria as Life Support?

I'm aware that cyanobacteria are responsible for the Great Oxidation Event and are very effective at turning CO2 into oxygen so it stands to reason that with the proper nutrients for the bacteria, you ...
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Why do astronauts wear spacesuits during launch?

I have noticed that astronauts in every launch I've found wear a spacesuit during launch, like this example from the shuttle. I don't understand this. What kind of problem could cause loss of cabin ...
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What solution does SpaceX plan so to make it possible for the crew to get out from Starship on other planets, considering the cabin's elevation?

What solution does SpaceX plan so to make it possible for the crew to get out from Starship on other planets, considering the cabin's elevation? Will they use some kind of rope ladder?
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Is CO + O ==> CO2 a possibility for propelling rockets off Mars? [duplicate]

Perseverance, the Mars rover, includes an experiment called MOXIE. This is a technology demonstration to show that Mars' atmospheric carbon dioxide can be broken into carbon monoxide and oxygen. ...
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What is the procedure in case the ISS loses one of the evacuation crafts?

Suppose that a micrometeorite or a sudden failure renders one of the Soyuz inoperable, or that a routine inspection discovers a defect in one of them that makes it unsafe. What is the protocol to ...
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Soyuz for Sale?

Reading through some stuff on the interwebs I came across some information saying that some old Soyuz Capsules are keep in a junkyard. Does anyone know if it's actually possible to purchase one of ...
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I want to go to the moon and then comeback to Earth [closed]

I want to design a mission for which I want to select some samples from the moon, I am new to Orbital mechanics so I need some guidance related to the Mission orbit access plan. How my spacecraft will ...
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When was the last time that an incandescent light bulb was launched into space?

Certainly the first crewed spacecraft had some incandescent light bulbs for indicators, though for cabin illumination the higher efficiency of fluorescent lights was often exploited. The question ...
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How does NASA build acclimatisation into mission plans for astronauts?

I was reading an article today where NASA admits some level of culpability contributing to a crew issue on SkyLab in 1973. Nasa accepts that mission planners had not given the crew the typical period ...
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What is super heavy booster? What will it be used for?

Also called BN1, right? Please explain me what is booster and what will it be used for? Also feel free to give me additional insights other than included in my question about BN1.
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Was the Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle supposed to be crewed?

NASA studied another space tug design, termed the Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (OMV), along with its plans for Space Station Freedom. The OMV's role would have been a reusable space vehicle that would ...
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What does the Moon's gravity feel like? If you don't move, could you still tell you're on the Moon?

I am interested in descriptions and discussion from the Apollo astronauts. Almost all animals and many plants are sensitive to the earth's gravitational field. This is important for large mammals and ...
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What do the double- or triple-checkers do when a launch is not scheduled?

Leading up to every manned launch, there is personnel dedicated to making sure their colleagues do everything correctly in accordance to checklists they usually have on hand. See for example the ...
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Soyuz TMA Neptune IDS Button Lights Behavior On Click

I made a simple virtual Soyuz TMA Neptune IDS using simple coding (a work in process). The purpose of it is solely for the buttons location familiarization of the control panels. The buttons react on ...
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Are there any sites that have collection of Bellcomm Inc. memos?

Bellcomm Inc was contracted by NASA to provide alternate and hypothetical launch vehicles, spacecraft, and missions. The memos combine the right blend of technical detail without heavy mathematics ...
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What is “mission design”? What do mission designers do (if such a designation exists)?

The question in meta Is the mission-design tag description wrong? Should the trajectory-design tag be somehow nixed? needs some attention, so I thought I'd turn to our "panel of experts" ...
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Flying around on a fire extinguisher

It's in many movies... the astronaut grabs a fire extinguisher and uses it to propel themselves around. It's even in the Shuttle operations manual (2.2-9) "Consideration should be given to the ...
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Why is it so hard to build crewed rockets/spacecraft able to reach escape velocity?

Why are we still not going farther than to Low Earth Orbit? Orbital velocity is about 4.8 mi/s (7.7 km/s) and escape velocity is about 7 mi/s (11.2 km/s), about 45% faster. Why is it so hard to reach ...
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Why does Falcon 9 launch with Crew Dragon solar panels facing down?

I noticed in video of the first crewed mission in August that Falcon 9 pitches down with the Dragon solar panels facing down. I'd been expecting the solar panels to be facing up, because sun. Does ...
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Avoiding Martian contamination with Earth microbes

Unmanned probes can be sterilized, but when humans begin occupying Mars in large quantities, how can contamination of possible Martian microbes with Earth microbes be avoided?
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Is it really possible to catch the Super heavy booster by using the launch tower ? How Challenging will it be?

Reports say that SpaceX now aims to recover the Super heavy booster by catching it with the help of the launch tower. What are the engineering challenges for this and how will it benefit ? News ...
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Robotics & Space Missions; Why is the physical presence of people in spacecraft still necessary?

Robotics is now well developed. Many programming languages allow you to work in real-time. Also, a new era of space missions and research is in full swing. So here's the question: Why is the physical ...
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NASA design handbooks and specifications

Does anybody know the designations, publication names, etc. for the design standards which NASA uses for space flight hardware? I’d like to add these resources into my engineering library.
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Why do spacecraft have seats?

Crewed spacecraft for travel to/from Earth, and much speculation for the SpaceX Starship, have seats with the astronauts upper body level in an eyeballs in orientation. This is because this is the ...
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How close a crewed spacecraft could orbit Jupiter?

How close could a crewed spacecraft orbit Jupiter? I read that Juno was as close as 5,000 km from Jupiter's top clouds, but I'm wondering about a spacecraft with humans inside (provided it's protected ...
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Is there a publicly available inventory of things sent to the ISS?

I spent some time looking through NASA datasets and news articles, and couldn't find anything, so I'm hoping that someone in the community will know better than I do: I'm trying to understand what the ...
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What would happen if the crew launched to dock with the ISS were incapacitated?

Suppose a spacecraft lifted off from the space center and within few minutes after reaching the 200 kilometers altitude on its way to the ISS, and for some reason the crew were incapacitated. Will ...
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What led NASA et al. to decide the ISS should be a zero-g station when the massive negative health and quality of life impacts of zero-g were known?

As the month of November 2020 has marked 2 decades of the ISS being operational as well as the first operational flight of a next-generation spacecraft to it, I felt it fit to ask this question today. ...
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Kerbal Gone Wild - Could a DIY team create a Mercury-scale orbital capsule?

Given how much engineering has advanced since the days of the Mercury program, could a similarly scaled single-person orbital vehicle capable of repeatedly sustaining 48 hours in orbit realistically ...
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What was the furthest distance from Earth that Armstrong, Aldrin, and Collins reached in Apollo 11?

An estimate is fine. But if possible, I am looking for a reference that I can cite.
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What timezone would be used for interstellar travel?

The ISS crew celebrated Thanksgiving today. Apparently the ISS uses Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), which is equivalent to Greenwich Mean Time. What timezone would people use for interstellar travel?...
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Does the SpaceX Crew-1 commander have any command duties while docked at the station?

The SpaceX Crew-1 mission itself has a commander who is in charge, I suppose, during transit and landing. The ISS also has a commander. Does the commander of crew 1 have any command duties while ...
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Why is the SpaceX crew-1 mission more important than the previous one (demo-1)?

The previous one was also crewed (two crew) but it was called "demo" for some reason - despite taking astronauts to the ISS. How is the recent one different?
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Are crewed spacecraft missions that appear stationary from the ground possible?

I've looked at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spacecraft and the following question arose. For crewed spacecraft missions, can a spacecraft remain stationary in the sky i.e. not moving once launched ...
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Why were the SpaceX Crew-1 astronauts backed up by guards with automatic weapons?

The photo in NPR's 4 Astronauts Aboard SpaceX Crew Dragon Successfully Dock With Space Station shows the four astronauts standing in front of a serious-looking military vehicle flanked by at least two ...
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What are these shiny wrist plates worn by astronauts in the SpaceX crew capsule

What are these shiny wrist plates worn by astronauts in the SpaceX crew capsule? screen shot from the NASA YouTube video Watch NASA's SpaceX Crew-1 Mission Arrive at the International Space Station
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Are there active proposals for the next large space station (post-ISS) to use artificial gravity?

The ISS has supported a crewed presence in space for twenty years now and while parts have been added over time, key original components are 20+ years old. Crewed presence is usually limited to a half-...
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Just how much rope have different crewed missions been given?

Answer(s) to What was Apollo "Moon rope" made out of? Was it ever used? are not completely definitive at the moment, but a comment on an answer caught my eye: Rope is such a multipurpose ...
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How are astronaut nametags printed when their family name is first?

It is traditional in English and Russian to print a person's given name before their family name. However, there are some languages where that order is reversed. When flying on an American or Russian ...
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g-forces entering and leaving atmospheres, how would they vary from one body to another?

I was wondering how launching from and returning into atmospheres of other bodies such as Mars, Venus, Titan, etc. would differ from Earth's. Specifically, I am wondering how many g's would be ...
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The Russian space module named Spektr

Watching Away I learn about a Russian “ghost story”, which is about an air leak within a space station's module named Spektr leading to a distinct hissing noise (air leaking into space). How can this ...
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Intercommmunication between crewed space missions in all planets of solar system [closed]

As we know Human Communication taking place between Man in space, Man on Moon, Man on Mars (Future exploration) with Human beings on Earth planet where we are living with the help of control stations ...
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Have capsule-free taxi spacecraft ever been seriously considered for non-emergency use?

Capsules are heavy, but necessary. Or at least, they are necessary for launch, landing, and stays in space lasting more than an hour or two. But it is possible to imagine situations where cosmonauts ...
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What mission is this Chris Hadfield photo associated with and what is the location? And what is that thing?

Many, many astronauts have gone on to be wonderful orators, educators, advocates for science, education and positive thinking, Major Tom Colonel (ret) and (fmr) ISS Commander Chris Hadfield is just ...

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