There are multiple mock-ups of the ISS, for various purposes:
The Space Vehicle Mockup Facility at Johnston space center contains replicas of many modules of the ISS, some of them assembled together.
The Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory is used for EVA training, and has a modules in the pool
The Space Station Training Facility does not have full modules, but ...
To be as practical as possible, the Space Shuttle mission STS-75 experimented with a space tether. For the record, the tether did break. To be fairly exact, it did break for reasons that wouldn't have broken it if the line had been shorter. So in a certain sense (but only a limited sense), we have already seen a space tether break because ...
The fee area serves to distinguish between the part of the facility that the federal government owns outright, and the surrounding area that it does not own outright, but has the right to send loud noises through.
fee area - federal government owns outright
restrictive easement - federal government owns a perpetual interest
The 125,000-acre acoustical ...
The answer seems to be that the term 'Fee area' is to do with the land ownership. This NASA document (PDF link) contains the critical clue: The 'fee area' is the area which the government holds in 'fee simple'. 'Fee simple' is a legal term in property law which applies in the US and other jurisdictions:
n. absolute title to land, free of any ...
First things first: Lyndon Johnson had very little, if anything, to do with the site selection for what was then called the Manned Space Center. The selection of the current location of what is now known as the Johnson Space Center was made in September 1961, over two years before President Kennedy was assassinated. It was a very common ploy in those days ...
What is it (today)? Nothing.
What was it?
Edit: Changed my mind and decided that as you mention in the question, this was a Unified S-Band station. This was an Apollo-unique communications system. What we knew in Shuttle as the MILA tracking station is located in this spot on the map.
The Wikipedia article on MILA states that it had
Two 30-foot (9.1 ...
Partial answer -
The confusion arises because the horn started out at Huntsville and was later moved to the Mississippi Test Facility.
I don't know if it's still there and/or still used, though. It also isn't as big as the dimensions given in Stages to Saturn, perhaps they refer to the installation in Huntsville.
Source: Horn Tower (has more pictures)
For shuttle, they didn't. At least not all of the consoles. Note the wood-covered consoles in the rear, they face the window.
This is Firing Room 4 which controlled the last 20 or so shuttle launches.
A view from one of the consoles in Firing Room 3 which also faced the windows.
In simplest terms: The upper limit is the point at which the object asserts enough gravity to collapse itself, and the available limit on materaials available.
An object of sufficient mass should self-collapse into a spheroid; for silicates this is estimated to be several hundred miles diameter; note that Ceres is above the self-rounding limit, and is about ...
Once SpaceX has a continuous pipeline of rockets being launched, refurbished, and reused, the latency -- the time it takes for a single stage to go from launch to launch-ready -- won't matter.
If the turnaround time is, say, 70 days, and SpaceX has 10 first stages in their stable, they can maintain a launch cadence of 1 per week. 4 ASDS would probably be ...
The last few missions doing GTO boosts have had the ASDS in reasonably close to the same location in the ocean. The lower energy CRS-8 mission was further in shore, since it had the performance to come back that much closer to shore.
There is a fair bit of variability possible, but it does appear that there is little benefit in going much further east, ...
4 firing rooms, one for each of the high bays in the VAB.
The original plan called for four rectangular firing rooms, 28 by 46
meters; one was never to be equipped.
i.e. to support the original Apollo flight rate projections.
The firing rooms were used for prelaunch checkout of the vehicles so they could have had several in ...
With some googling I found a web site with a reference to the F-1 test stand being at the coordinates 34.944, -117.688. Following that to the Google maps link, in satellite mode one clearly sees the remains of 2 test stands. The one on the right matches the F-1.
As for Santa Susana, an article in the Daily News has a picture indicating there was something ...
During static test firing, the kerosene-based RP-1 fuel left
hydrocarbon deposits and vapors in the engine post test firing. These
had to be removed from the engine to avoid problems during engine
handling and future firing, and the solvent trichloroethylene (TCE)
was used to clean the engine's fuel system immediately before and
after each ...
It doesn't appear so. Their home page features a story on imaging the fires from space (https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7278)
Looking at the image featured in that story, JPL is near the right side of the picture (northeast of Glendale).
Employees could be severely impacted, of course.
Supplementary answer: the political role that Albert Thomas played in the site selection was not mentioned in the accepted answer.
That includes the reason the Johnson Space Center, originally known as
the Manned Spacecraft Center—was put in Houston in the first place.
The year that Kennedy proposed traveling to the moon, 1961, it
happened that U.S. ...
For now, no. The landing zone is in the middle of the ocean. Setting up a factory there is prohibitively expensive.
IIRC, the long-term plan is to launch from somewhere further West so they can land at Cape Canaveral. That would require flying over land, which requires FAA permission which isn't easy to obtain, This probably requires lots more flights ...
Although not orbital, which was the explicit question asked, a rocket has been launched from the UK to beyond the atmosphere in October 2015.
It is reported by the BBC today.
The BBC article also writes about the sites for planned spaceports, including an article about a proposed vertical rocket launch site in Sutherland.
A lot of these proposals are ...
There seems to be persistent interest, see NSTP2, which is an invitation from the UK Space Agency for "proposals for industrial research projects that will contribute to the introduction of sub-orbital flight and satellite launch operations in the UK".
Proposals have to address:
determine how sub-orbital or small satellite launch vehicles ...
This page has a good list of designs (though these are all for the largest inhabitable structure) and explanations of the challenges. In short, gravity is the main challenge, both in restricting how big you can build a structure and how well you can live in that structure. Many of the designs take the form of big hollow spheres, or shells:
A shell with ...