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60

There are two major factors at play. First, NASA doesn't own the designs of many of the technologies they use; they contract with private companies to develop them. Technological knowledge does flow back and forth between NASA and those companies, but those companies are in competition with one another, so they don't want their detailed designs made public. ...


16

With the exception of model rockets made of paper, wood, or breakable plastic, that are passively stabilized, that have low thrust and low delta V, and that do not have guidance software, launch vehicles fall under ITAR regulations. The regulations are now much more relaxed once the launch vehicle has achieved its goal and placed its payload into orbit. ...


14

There are aspects of what NASA does that cannot be divulged because NASA does indeed rely on trade secrets held by private companies (Russell's first point). There are other aspects of what NASA does that cannot be divulged because there's not much difference between accurately landing a probe on a specific point on Mars and accurately making a nuclear ...


9

No Here's what ITAR says about launch vehicles Category IV - Launch Vehicles, Guided Missiles, Ballistic Missiles, Rockets, Torpedoes, Bombs, and Mines (a) Rockets, space launch vehicles (SLVs), missiles, bombs, torpedoes, depth charges, mines, and grenades, as follows: Rockets, SLVs, and missiles capable of delivering at least a 500-kg ...


9

Gov't contracts often have a "Buy American" clause which requires them to buy from US companies or Trade Agreeement Act countries. See FAR Subpart 25.11, and 52.225-1, 52.225-3, and 52.225-5. See the bottom of this page and the links there-in http://farsite.hill.af.mil/reghtml/Regs/far2afmcfars/fardfars/Far/25.htm#P1179_116157 and http://farsite.hill.af....


8

Much of the rocket industry in the US has to deal with ITAR, a set of laws aimed at regulating the sale of weapons. Launchers are seen as weapons due to their ability (in principle) to deliver a payload on a ballistic arc. The Department of State insists that ITAR has limited effect and provides a security benefit to the nation that outweighs any impact ...


7

Any rocket capable of putting a spacecraft in orbit is going to fall under Category IV, paragraph (a), subparagraph (1), (2), or (4). Under Note 3 to paragraph (a), it explicitly calls out model and high power rockets defined in NFPA Code 1122 "made of paper, wood, fiberglass, or plastic containing no substantial metal parts and designed to be flown with ...


5

The only component that has any major political tie-ups is the RD-180 engine from Russia. Political tensions have made its future in the US rocket industry unclear The deal was signed in 1995 with the promise that American RD-180s would be built within 4 years. However, spiraling costs and production overruns kept the American engine from becoming a reality....


5

ITAR regulations restrict the defense-related information you can share with non-U.S. persons. There is no distinction between the rules applicable to a government agency like NASA or private contractors like SpaceX, Lockheed Martin etc. Abiding by ITAR regulations is crucial for businesses in order to maintain a continual trust with their government ...


3

Assuming you don't want to work with Iran or North Korea, other space capable countries will have SOME form of export controls in place. ITAR is one aspect of the U.S. export control regime. India is probably your best bet if you wanted to find a jurisdiction with a relatively relaxed regulatory framework and the ability to domestically produce components (...


2

Maybe The closest thing we have to using ITAR to regulate "software" would be 3D printed gun CAD files. Specifically a company called Defense Distributed makes CAD files for 3D printed guns and the US government used ITAR to stop them from distributing the files online On Thursday, Defense Distributed founder Cody Wilson received a letter from the ...


2

Reaction wheels are a borderline technology, one that in certain situations might require an export license. What I suspect is the case is that they will be able to sell you the reaction wheels, but will be unable to give you all of the technical data that might make your job easier. Still, I would contact the supplier, ultimately they will be responsible ...


1

NASA releases technology through its technology transfer program, for companies who want to develop NASA innovations into commercial products: https://technology.nasa.gov/ Spinoffs using NASA tech: https://www.nasa.gov/directorates/spacetech/spinoff Here is a list of some of the more well-known spinoffs: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...


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