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During the abort of Soyuz 7K-T No.39 launch, Vasily Lazarev was injured by very high g-loads ( up to 21.3 g, 15 g were expected) and was never able to fly to space again. It was April 5, 1975.


American cosmonaut Donald Pettit injured his shoulder when the Soyuz TMA-1 had to fall back to a ballistic reentry following a capsule malfunction. The hard landing was further complicated by the parachute dragging the capsule along the ground after landing. Pettit was immediately moved from the landing site by a rescue helicopter.


The female South Korean astronaut Yi So-yeon may have been injured in Soyuz TMA-11 on April 19, 2008. Yi So-yeon was hospitalized after her return to South Korea due to injuries caused by the rough return voyage in the Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft. The South Korean Science Ministry stated that the astronaut had a minor injury to her neck muscles and had bruised ...


Boris Volynov broken several teeth during hard landing of the Soyuz-5 mission.


Apollo 12, Alan Bean. The capsule hit a rising wave, and the impact force knocked a camera out of a bracket, which hit Bean in the head and briefly knocked him out. He suffered a mild concussion and needed six stitches, but had no permanent injury.


For lunar flights, the Apollo command and service module did not require retrorockets to return the command module to Earth, as the flight path took the module through the atmosphere, using atmospheric drag to reduce velocity. Retrorockets were used to back the S-IC and S-II stages off from the rest of the vehicle after their respective shutdowns during the ...


No it didn't, Apollo was designed with a parachute assisted water landing in mind. However there was one contingency for which considerations for a hard landing (landing on the ground with parachutes instead of the water) were made. During the launch the Apollo spacecraft went through several stages and during each one there was an abort plan. For the most ...


No, the Apollo Command Module (the part that made it back to Earth) did not have braking rockets. Instead, it had several parachutes and landed in the water. The descent was first slowed by two drogue chutes. These deployed at about 7 km above sea level and slowed the spacecraft down enough so the three main chutes could be deployed at about 3 km. These ...

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