24 people have gone around the Moon on nine Apollo missions (8, 10-17). 3 of those 24 were repeat visitors. I'm not sure if Apollo 13 saw the sight you describe, but all of the others surely did. Apollo 13 only had one chance, and they probably had other things on their minds at that time. Although according to the official transcript, someone said "...
I concentrate on Earthrises documented by Hasselblad images. The Apollo 8 earthrise image is part of the question.
An Apollo 10 CM photo AS10-27-3888 called Earthrise from lunar orbit.
Earthrise as seen from the Apollo 11 CM AS11-44-6547:
Another Apollo 11 image AS11-37-5441 taken from the LM:
So we got earthrise images from both the Apollo 11 LM and CM.