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A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space.

A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space. It combines features of an aircraft and a spacecraft, which can be thought of as an aircraft that can endure and maneuver in the vacuum of space or likewise a spacecraft that can fly like an airplane.

As of 2015 only five spaceplanes have successfully flown, having reentered Earth's atmosphere, returned to Earth, and safely landed: the North American X-15, Space Shuttle, Buran, SpaceShipOne, and Boeing X-37.

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