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Commercialized technologies and civilian goods that were initially developed for space exploration, aviation or military purposes, their R&D funded by military or governmental research and were later licensed for commercial use.

Commercialized technologies and civilian goods that were initially developed for space exploration, aviation or military purposes, their R&D funded by military or governmental research and were later licensed for commercial use.

This often involves releasing government held intellectual property into public domain and declassifying related technologies. E.g. NASA licenses spin-off technologies to commercial US industries through NASA Space Act agreement.