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The case of failed docking of Soyuz MS-14 may fit to constraints of the question. It was in orbit near ISS for 3 days between failed docking attempt and successful attempt. The linked above Wikipedia article states the spacecraft backed away to a safe distance from the ISS Further research resulted in locating few news articles mentioning that ...


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The first Orbital Cygnus mission that eventually docked with the ISS experienced GPS issues during its initial berthing procedure. The Cygnus aborted the berthing and retreated to a safe-ish distance from the ISS while Orbital engineers devised a software fix, initially planned for a two day delay. But then NASA asked Orbital for an even longer delay due to ...


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