The performance of Shuttle-Centaur would have greatly exceeded that of either the Atlas-Centaur or Titan-Centaur combination.
Neither the Atlas nor Titan were able to put a fully fueled Centaur into Earth orbit using only their lower stages. The Centaur would have burned part of its propellant completing the orbital insertion.
In contrast, the shuttle ...
Ulysses was quite a light weight, only 370 kg. For comparison, the Galileo probe, which was put in to Jupiter's atmosphere, weighted almost that much, and that was a small part of Galileo, which in total weighed about 2562 kg. Much of that mass was to orbit the planet, also the communications was supposed to be better, as the prime part of Galileo was ...
Several terse online references state that the nutation anomaly was managed by the use of "Conscan" or CONSCAN, for example
The only other problem of any significance has been a nutation-like
motion which built up following deployment of the 7.5-meter (25-foot)
axial radio wave experiment antenna shortly after launch. This
disturbance was apparently ...
In simple terms, gravity pulls an object directly towards another object. As an analogy, if you are running down the street and grab hold of a lamp post with your left hand you will swing around it to the left, if you grab it with your right you will swing to the right. You can use this to do a u-turn, letting go whenever you or going the right direction, or ...
I don't know did anything change since 2017, but here is complete and bulky pdf https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313365623_Laser_Interferometer_Space_Antenna.
What exactly is eLISA
How large will eLISA be?
After several iterations current mission design (LISA, not eLISA anymore) is planned to be:
-Space gravitational detector consisting of 3 ...
A polar LEO orbit is still a equatorial heliocentric orbit (since that describes the Earth's orbit around the sun).
To change from a equatorial heliocentric to polar heliocentric requires a lot of Delta v.
The final orbit wasn't circular, but we can get an order-of-magnitude figure for the energy required by using the circular plane change approximation.
As stated in the comments above, the trajectory adjustment took place on the eighth of July 1991, before Ulysses swung by Jupiter. For more information on its trajectory, please consult:
By changing the start date of the simulation to the first of August 1991, half a year before the ...
I'll elaborate on some points because I find the Ulysses mission really compelling.
I'll quote further from the references cited in @OrganicMarble's award-winning answer
The ULYSSES Mission, Wenzel, K. P., Marsden, R. G., Page, D. E., & Smith, E. J., Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement, Vol.92, NO. 2/JAN, P. 207, 1992