Venera was a series of space probe missions the Soviet Union sent to Venus.

Russia (former Soviet Union) sent several space probe missions to Venus between 1961 and 1984 named Venera (transliteration of Венера, which is Russian for Venus). The missions consisted of several flyby missions, atmpospheric probes, orbiters, and landers.

Primary Accomplishments

  • Venera 4 was the first spacecraft to ever enter another planet's atmosphere and return data.
  • The Venera 7 mission was the first time a spacecraft successfully landed on another planet's surface, and sent the first broadcast from another planet's surface.
  • Venera 9 sent back the first images of Venus' surface.
  • Venera 12 recorded potential evidence of lightning
  • Venera 13 sent back the first color images of Venus' surface

Russia is also planning a potential Venera missions in 2024 named Venera-D.


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