This answer notes that participant nations have jurisdiction over their modules. So in a US module, you are in US jurisdiction, etc.

Which means that in an European module, you are in European jurisdiction. But Europe isn't a nation with one jurisdiction, but an union of sovereign states with their own jurisdiction and bound by treaties. Even more confusing, the ESA and the EU are not the same, some nations are part of one but not the other.

In a comment, the author adds from a linked resource that: "The European States are being treated as one homogenous entity, called the European Partner on the Space Station. But any of the European States may extend their respective national laws and regulations to the European elements, equipment and personnel." Which is, as the author says, "almost more confusing".

So how the hell does that work? To use the same example of this question, what would happen to someone being born in an European module? What if a crime was committed? What if someone took residence there? (Those are mostly hypothetical examples, to illustrate how jurisdiction works in this case.)

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    $\begingroup$ I would guess that it works like this: "We have no idea how this works, but it's probably never going to come up, and when it does, we'll figure something out." Just a wild guess, though. $\endgroup$ – Jörg W Mittag Apr 24 '19 at 19:23
  • $\begingroup$ "what would happen to someone being born in an European module?" Are you asking about a newborn child being delivered on the ISS? That isn't going to happen. $\endgroup$ – Organic Marble Apr 24 '19 at 20:51
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    $\begingroup$ @OrganicMarble Not any time soon, but it is likely to be something we have to work out in the various legal systems eventually. It's an interesting legal question. $\endgroup$ – ceejayoz Apr 24 '19 at 23:33
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    $\begingroup$ @OrganicMarble: Maybe the Russians would send up a pregnant space tourist, if the price is right. $\endgroup$ – DrSheldon Apr 25 '19 at 2:45

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