# Questions tagged [eci]

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### In which direction does the x axis of the ECI at 1.1.2000 at 12:00 (J2000) go and where is the 0 deg meridian?

I am currently getting a bit lost in reference frames and coordinate systems. From my point of view, I am currently in the ICRS frame. I know that the ECI from my point is only moving but not rotating,...
22 views

### Calculating angular deviation from LEO magnetic field

The situation I need to calculate pointing errors for a satellite that points along Earth's magnetic field. The satellite's position and orientation are given to me w.r.t ECI J2000. The orientation is ...
181 views

### How to find ECI coordinates for a circular orbit

Suppose a satellite is orbiting Earth in a circular orbit, of which I know the inclination $i$, the right ascension of the ascending node $\Omega$, the semi-major axis $a$ (or orbit radius given that ...
247 views

### How to solve the two-body problem in the ECI frame through numerical integration?

I need to know how to solve two-body problem by solving a system of first order equation derived from the equation below. $$\ddot{\mathbf{r}} = -\frac{\mu}{r^3}\mathbf{r}$$ How do I go about this, and ...
1k views

### Are ECI and ECEF both frames and/or coordinate systems? Is there a difference?

I don't know really know the difference between a frame and a coordinate system. I'd proposed ECEF and ECI tags, do we need them? Frames seems to be the standard in meta but there is concern so any ...
62 views

### J2000 to current ECI transformation matrix

I want to find the transformation matrix that converts an ECI frame at some time 't' (lets say t = 1st January 2020) to J2000 ECI frame (that is ECI frame at noon of 1st January 2000). From what I ...
73 views

### Could the orbit of a satellite place it on the z-axis of the ECI coordinate frame (x=y=0)?

It is mostly a hypothetical question; I assume the answer is no, but I am looking for any data to contradict my claim that there are none or at most only one satellite at a time which could ever ...
310 views

### Accuracy of direct ECI (Earth-Centered Inertial) to LLA (Longitude, Latitude, Altitude) conversion via sub-satellite point?

The process of converting between ECI and LLA is generally known to be complex, as it involves a intermediate conversion to ECEF (Earth-Centered, Earth-Fixed). This, in turn, involves the ...